Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1634-1645.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.09.03

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

First report of the national natural resources balance sheet for Huzhou City and Anji County

Huimin YAN1,2,3(), Zhiming FENG1,2,3(), Yanzhao YANG1,2,3, Tao PAN1,2, Dong JIANG1,2,3, Xiaoyu SONG4, Guoxia MA5, Wenxin LIU6   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. College of Resources and Environment,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment,Ministry of Land and Resources,Beijing 101149,China
    4. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000 ,China
    5. Center for Envronmental Zoning,Chinese Academy for Environmental Planning,Beijing 100012,China
    6. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changchun 130102,China
  • Received:2017-02-10 Revised:2017-08-29 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20

Abstract:

The investigation and preparation of natural resource balance sheets (NRBS)is an important measure for promoting the construction of an ecological civilization. Huzhou City is a national ecological civilization demonstration district and the focus of our research. Based on possible pathways for compiling NRBS across three principles: first in physical and then in monetary terms; first in stock and then in flow terms;and in category and then in integration terms. We first extracted the reporting system of the NRBS:summary statement,primary stable,assistant table and original table. Then,a table pattern for NRBS comprising categorized over consumption of resources,environmental damage and ecological system worsening was developed. Accounting indices of the NRBS comprising categorized land resources,water resources and forest resources were explicated. The NRBS of the Huzhou Pattern is presented and is the first NRBS for China. We found that the total natural resource assets of Huzhou City was 937.84 billion CNY in 2013,5.2 times GDP. During 2003-2013,the cumulative natural resource liabilities of Huzhou City was 10.95 billion CNY,with liabilities at 5.6% of GDP. The natural resource assets and natural resource liabilities of Anji County were 311.50 billion CNY and 1.56 billion CNY,11.7 times and 0.03% of GDP,respectively. Our study not only demonstrates the usefulness of natural resource assets for the support of sustainable development of social and ecological environments,but also verifies the great potential of green development pathways such as the ‘Lucid water and lush mountains are invaluable assets’.

Key words: natural resouces balance sheet, natural resources accounting, natural resouces asset, natural resouces liability, Huzhou City