Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1194-1201.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.18

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Estimation of prime farmland ecological compensation criteria based on the development restrictive loss of farmers in Jiangxia District of Wuhan City

Xin YANG1(), Jingjing ZHANG2, Xin GAO1, Yinying CAI1, Anlu ZHANG1()   

  1. 1. College of Land Management,Huazhong Agriculture University,Wuhan 430070,China
    2. School of Economics,The University of Sydney,Sydney 2006,Australia
  • Received:2016-09-13 Revised:2017-02-05 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

Abstract:

In China,farmland performs fundamental economic,social and ecological functions. Farmland restriction laws and regulations have been applied in China to guarantee national food security and social stability. This shift caused serious economic and social welfare “wipeout” and “windfalls” to relevant stakeholders in farmland protection,leading to the degradation of farmland ecological systems,and threatening social fairness and environmental justice. Ever since improving the ecological civilization level was put forward by the 12th Five Year Plan on National Economical and Social Development,developed cities such as Chengdu in Sichuan province,Foshan in Guangdong province,Suzhou in Jiangsu province and Minhang in Shanghai,began to explore their own ways of implementing farmland compensation policy. How to construct a farmland ecological compensation system that can meet the practical needs of social development is of urgent need in China. Based on the nine restriction rules in the Regulations of Prime Farmland Protection and face-to-face questionnaire surveys,the expected utility function and factor revision methods were employed to estimate prime farmland ecological compensation criteria by taking Jiangxia (one distract in Wuhan)as an example. We found that the residents’ cognition degree for rules of the Regulations of Prime Farmland Protection require improvement. Despite the fact that farmland protection policies have been well advertised in China over the past 20 years,more than 64.48% of farmers have not awared the nine restrictions clearly;nearly half of the farmers are unfamiliar with specific restrictions. Farmers’ restrictive loss from obeying the prime farmland protection policies is 9116.47 CNY/hm2 by applying the expected utility function. Whether farmers have combined occupations and agricultural income level significantly impact on their restrictive loss amount. Farmland ecological compensation in Jiangxia is settled based on farmers’ prime farmland development restrictive loss,which is 9116.47 CNY/hm2.

Key words: prime farmland development restriction, restrictive loss, farmland ecological compensation criteria, Jiangxia District of Wuhan City