Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1171-1181.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.16

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Perception on the sub-health improvement of tourists by forest healthcare tourism

Qunming ZHENG1(), Jia LIU1, Yan ZHU1, Linsheng ZHONG2   

  1. 1. College of Tourism,Hunan Normal University,Changsha 410081,China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2016-11-09 Revised:2017-02-23 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

Abstract:

Sub-health is a state between healthiness and disease,and can deteriorate to disease if people ignore it. Forest healthcare tourism is a hot issue amongst academic circles and professionals that refers to providing recreational and healthcare activities for tourists. Making full use of forest resources to develop forest healthcare tourism can not only satisfy the needs of sightseeing and vacation but also remove the sub-healthy syndrome of urban residents. We selected vacation areas in Mount Jianfengling,Mount Daweishan and Mount Lushan as study areas,then we constructed a forest healthcare tourism experience scale and forest health perceived efficacy scale. We collected 311 questionnaires from July12th~13th,August 15th~17th and 22th~24th in 2014. Using data reliability analysis,exploratory factor analysis,confirmatory factor analysis,we found that the three major experiential elements of forest healthcare tourism are natural landscape,ecological environment and healthcare facilities. The three major health benefits are recovery of body,adjustment of psychological state and improving of social relationship. Using multi-group structural equation model fitting test, we found that healthy tourists have significant perceptions on “Ecological environment experience → Physical health recovery”、“Healthcare facilities experience → Interpersonal relationship improvement,sub-healthy tourists have significant perceptions on seven paths,“Natural landscape experience → Physical health recovery”,“Natural landscape experience → Psychological state Adjustment”,“Natural landscape experience improvement → Interpersonal relationship”,“Ecological environment experience → Physical health recovery”,“Ecological environment experience → Psychological state Adjustment”,“Ecological environment experience → Psychological state Adjustment”,“Ecological environment experience → Interpersonal relationship improvement”, “Healthcare facilities experience → Physical health recovery”, moderating effect was partly supported. Based on these,three management implications for forest healthcare tourism are discussed.

Key words: forest healthcare tourism, forest healthcare effect, sub-health, multiple-group analysis, tourist experience