Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1037-1047.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.06.05

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A review of research on energy geopolitics in China

Yebing FANG1,2,3(), Limao WANG1(), Qiushi QU1,2, Yan YANG4, Chufu MOU1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences ,Beijing 100101,China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241003,China
    4. Strategy Consulting Center,Chinese Academy of Engineering,Beijing 100088,China
  • Received:2016-10-20 Revised:2017-04-19 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20


In the context of changing world energy,geopolitics and construction of Belt and Road Initiatives (B&R),energy geopolitics has been of increasingly interest academically. In order to explore the current situation and development of energy geopolitics,we discuss research progress for China’s energy geopolitics based on analysis of literature published in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)since 1998. There are three stages of China energy geopolitics research and we analyzed major research content according to pattern,mechanism and effect. We found that China has made progress in several aspects of the evolution of pattern,driving mechanism,subject and object,energy security and geo-strategy,competition and cooperation of energy. However,there is still insufficient work on theory,research logic systems,research perspective,and quantitative analysis of the interactions between energy,geographical factors and geopolitics. Such research perspectives are also limited by geopolitical factors,comprehensive research,energy economy,energy security and the scale of research. In view of this,we propose a research framework for energy geopolitics. After reviewing research progress of energy geopolitics at home,according to the deficiency in numerous studies,we suggest that five research directions should be further developed:pay more attention to basic theory and methods of energy geopolitics;build big data of China energy geopolitics and enhance the expression of modeling and visualization;focus on hotspots as networks,geopolitical environments,new energy,oil currency and comprehensive analysis of various energy sources;emphasize medium-micro spatial scales of energy geopolitical research under the background of the B&R;and highlight global energy governance with participation from China.

Key words: energy geopolitics, research framework, review, China