Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 441-450.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.03.06

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Social network,extension service and farmers water-saving irrigation technology adoption in Minqin County

Dan QIAO(), Qian LU(), Tao XU   

  1. College of Economics and Management,Northwest A & F University,Yangling 712100,China
  • Received:2016-09-12 Revised:2016-12-12 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20

Abstract:

From the simultaneous perspective of social network and extension services,we aimed to explore these two information channels in the water-saving technology adoption behavior of farmers. Based on survey data from Minqin County,Gansu,China we established structural equation models to analyze how social networks and extension services affect farmers’ water-saving irrigation technology adoption. We found that farmers enthusiasm for water-saving irrigation adoption is generally low; most farmers adopt water-saving technology with weak willingness and across small areas. There is an especially low level of willingness to pay. Social networks and extension services both have positive significant impacts on farmers water-saving technology adoption,indicating they play crucial roles in facilitating technology adoption. Social networks have both direct and indirect effects on water-saving irrigation technology adoption:internal dimensions of social networks have direct effects on promoting farmers water-saving irrigation technology adoption;and social networks also positively affect effectiveness of extension services,thus indirectly contributing to technology adoption. Farmers awareness of water scarcity and cognition of technology usefulness can facilitate technology adoption,and a good community environment can guarantee technology adoption. Appropriate policy recommendations are proposed based on our empirical results,such as providing funding and policy support for adopters,improving the promotional effects of model households,carrying out trading activities for farmers and providing good social environments.

Key words: social network, extension service, water-saving irrigation technology adoption, structural equation modeling, Minqin County