Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 175-187.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.02.01

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Research progress of agricultural heritage in China based on literature statistics

Yongxun ZHANG1,2(), Lulu HE3, Qingwen MIN1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3. Economics and Management School,Beijing University of Agriculture,Beijing 102206,China
  • Received:2016-05-26 Revised:2016-11-22 Online:2017-02-25 Published:2017-02-20

Abstract:

Agricultural heritage systems have been attracting researchers across diverse subjects and the literature on agricultural heritage systems increased rapidly in the past decade. In the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database,513 published papers about agricultural heritage were screened from 2005 to 2015 using key words. Based on analysis of these papers,we found that research on agricultural heritage systems is still in a primary stage and that research is mainly concentrated on ecology,resources and agronomy. The institutes researching agricultural heritage are mainly distributed in Beijing. Northwest and northeast China have many GIAHS and China-NIAHS sites but hardly have any institutes. Most authors are young and with a high education degree and high professional title,thus is good for development of the subject. Studies are becoming more comprehensive due to more researcher participation from different subjects. Current studies are mainly qualitative,and quantitative studies using scientific experiments and field surveys are lacking. Even so,compared with other countries,China is a global leader in research on agricultural heritage,but some topics like the change in agricultural heritage systems lack depth. Several key research fields need be enhanced in the future:more researchers from other subjects and from institutes near to GIAHS and China-NIAHS sites to participate in different topics associated agricultural heritage;enhancing basic research on characteristics of agricultural heritage and scientific connotation;strengthening monitoring and estimation methods and practice measures; changes in designated agricultural heritage systems;and industrial development research in agricultural heritage sites.

Key words: agricultural heritage, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, China Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, research progress, literature analysis