Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 94-104.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.01.10

• Orignal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Embodied energy and carbon emissions transferred in international trade using a MRIO model

WEI Tao1, 2, PENG Shuijun2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management,Hubei University for Nationalities,Enshi 445000,China;
    2,School of Economics,Xiamen University,Xiamen 361005,China
  • Received:2016-08-01 Revised:2016-10-24 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20


With the formation of global production chains as well as cross-border separated in production and consumption in the world, the rapid development of international trade has an important impact on both embodied energy and transfer emissions of trade. We estimated the different energy consumption and emissions embodied in international trade in 1995-2009 with the MRIO model. The results showed that:(1)China belongs to a net exporter of embodied energy in international trade except for new energy sources and gas during the study period; increase of production-based emissions far exceeds the consumption-based emissions in China, and 40% of the former is satisfied by the demands of foreign countries, then only 16% of consumption-based emissions increase is derived from the increase of imports;(2)The production-based energy and carbon emissions of the major developed economies were almost unchanged during the study period, but the consumption-based energy and carbon emissions were gradually increasing, then they were net importers of embodied energy and emissions in international trade; the production-based and consumption-based energy of emerging economies increased by 81.7% and 81.3% respectively, and the embodied energy and emissions of developed economies transferred into emerging economies is much greater than the embodied energy and emissions of emerging economies transferred into developed economies; (3)The per capita consumption-based embodied energy and emissions in developed economies are much higher than in emerging economies; while the per capita embodied energy and emissions are in a low level in China.

Key words: consumption-based responsibility, embodied energy, emissions transfer, MRIO Model