Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 11-19.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.01.02

• Orignal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Institutional logic and model selection in the construction of national parks administration

ZHANG Haixia1, ZHONG Linsheng2   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Urban-rural Planning,Zhejiang Gongshang University,Hangzhou 310018,China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2015-10-25 Revised:2016-08-15 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20

Abstract: National parks play important roles in the natural resource management system of a country. After the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China,National parks become a new spatial tool to handle overlapping administration in natural protection,promote eco-political processes and construct an eco-civilization society. Thus,the institutions and divisional structures of national parks urgently need to be explored. We summarized the institutional logic and main organizational models for national park administrations(NPAs)globally from a normative prospective,and looked at this empirically for Qianjiangyuan National Park System Pilot Area(QNP),in Zhejiang,China. The rationality of NPA allocation can be diagnosed from governance and management dimensions. Theory of Good Governance,which provides theoretical support for the improvement of vertical governance and administrative justice,can organize NPA managerial divisions according to attribute differences across allocation rights,coordination and realization. Theory of Effective Management can be used as an internal tool for national parks to advance management quality through constructing related professional and supportive divisions to strengthen organizational effectiveness. The relationships for management-governance in NPAs can be concluded into three types:Centralized Bureaucratic Model,Decentralized Flat Model and Balanced Cooperation Model. It is rational for QNP to select a centralized model with comprehensive national agency as top responsible body,while more suitable to the flat model under the leadership of professional national agencies. China needs to construct a professional,powerful and resilient organizational model of national parks under coercive orders. Explorations of institutional logic for NPAs based on Theory of Good Governance and Theory of Effective Management will be of great importance in the construction of a national park system in China.

Key words: administration, national park, organizational structure, Qianjianguan National Park System Pilot Area