Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 1-10.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.01.01

• Orignal Article •     Next Articles

Chinese national park system pilot:establishing path and research issues

ZHONG Linsheng1, 2, XIAO Lianlian1, 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100101,China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2016-09-10 Revised:2016-12-07 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20

Abstract:

National park systems are spreading widely around the world and aim to protect natural and cultural heritage owned by all people. In 2015,the Chinese government announced its pilot work in building national parks in 12 provinces,and the country has began to explore new approaches in protected area management. Under a framework of ecological civilization construction,the goals of China’s national park system include:establish a rational national park system that is unified and efficient for protected area management;build a replicable and propagable national park management model;promote optimization of China’s current protected area system;and reinforce the construction of ecological civilization system. Here we explore the identification and substantive characteristics of national parks that makes them different from other types of protected areas in China. Creating a national park system is an important step in the process of ecological civilization and governance innovation according to sustainable development theory,new public service theory,and adaptive governance theory. We then present a route for creating a national park system,including highlighting ecological protection in the first place,conducting unified and standardized management,clarifying natural resource property rights,innovating operation and management,and promoting community development. Several safeguard mechanisms to ensure success of the pilot,including sector coordination,planning,fund safeguarding,and public participation are needed. Ten issues for future research into national parks in China are proposed, covering issues such as resource management,organizational construction,rules formulation and community management.

Key words: establishing path, mechanism, national park system pilot, research issues