Resources Science ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 1109-1117.doi: 10.18402/resci.2016.06.10

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Resource-based economic spatial differentiation in the central plains of China

YANG He1(), LIU Jinping1,2, CAI Liping3   

  1. 1. School of Management,China University of Mining and Technology,Xuzhou 221116,China
    2. Institute of Land Resources Planning and Evaluation,China University of Mining and Technology,Xuzhou 221116,China
    3. School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics,China University of Mining and Technology,Xuzhou 221116,China
  • Received:2014-10-17 Revised:2015-05-15 Online:2016-06-20 Published:2016-06-18


Resource-based regions have unique spatial characteristics because of mining development and excessive dependence on resource industries in regional economic development. Due to trends in regional economic spatial structure,logical organization and distribution of production cannot be configured in accordance with new resource disposition. Due to unbalanced development,regional economic differences become more apparent. It will inevitably lead to the formation and evolution of regional economic spatial differentiation. Here we analyzed the role of resource endowment,factor input,regional development strategy and policy,geographical location,industrialization,urbanization and information in economic spatial structure formation in the Central Plains Economic Region of China. Using ordinary least squares and geographic weighted regression we looked at county economic growth and influencing factors on spatial structure to determine dominant factors in the Central Plains Economic Region. The driving force of economic growth spatial differentiation is determined by the coefficient of variation method. We found that regional county economic growth has spatial association and strong spillovers. For example, the main driving forces of economic growth spatial differentiation are mining (18.78),agriculture (13.43)and transport (7.79). Mineral resource development and utilization promote formation around Zhengzhou as regional economic core circles. Mainly relying on agriculture to enhance the total economy as east Henan is poor. Transportation infrastructure strengthens the regional economic space and accelerates the pace of economic spatial agglomeration in the Central Plains Economic Region. This study provides scientific guidance when transforming regional economic spatial differentiation.

Key words: resource-based region, spatial differentiation, spatial agglomeration, geographic weighted regression, mining development, central plains