资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (9): 1785-1798.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.09.04

• 水土资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国国土整治研究进展

郑荣宝1(), 黄永坚1, 陈美招2, 马小宁1, 陈晶1, 唐晓莲1   

  1. 1.广东工业大学管理学院,广州510520
    2.广东外语外贸大学社会与公共管理学院,广州510420
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-16 修回日期:2022-08-10 出版日期:2022-09-25 发布日期:2022-11-25
  • 作者简介:郑荣宝,男,福建龙岩人,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为土地规划与整治。E-mail: zhengrongbao@gdut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41001054);教育部人文社会科学项目(19YJAZH116);教育部人文社会科学项目(20YJA630055);教育部人文社会科学项目(20YJAZH008)

Research progress of land consolidation in China

ZHENG Rongbao1(), HUANG Yongjian1, CHEN Meizhao2, MA Xiaoning1, CHEN Jing1, TANG Xiaolian1   

  1. 1. College of Management, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510520, China
    2. College of Social and Public Management, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510420, China
  • Received:2022-03-16 Revised:2022-08-10 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-11-25

摘要:

探索和识别多年来中国国土整治研究的学科知识基础,揭示研究现状,发掘现有研究不足,并提出未来的研究方向。首先,运用高频关键词得出研究热点文字云,明晰该领域由概念演变与阶段划分、发展战略研究、规划设计、潜力分析、绩效评价、意愿研究、工程类型与措施7个主题模块构成;其次,通过对高被引文献进行内容分析。研究发现:①现有研究主要聚焦工程措施、绩效评价等研究,对国土空间生态修复的关注度不够,缺乏有关全域土地综合整治的实证性文章,且大部分研究结论都是针对所选典型项目区而言,得出的数学模型和评价体系适用范围较窄。②现有研究主要以项目尺度和行政尺度为主,关注点大多放在土地表层横向数据的对比分析上,时间点选取较少,研究尺度也较为单一。③现有成果过分强调实证类的研究,同时对国土整治中的人文社科领域关注不够;接着,从研究主题、研究尺度和研究方法3个方面作出展望:①重视生态保护修复与管护工作,积极探索地区统一的定量参照体系,开展理论创新研究,构建完备的知识体系。②关注垂直方向的动态发展,发掘新的研究视角,开展长时间序列、多维空间尺度研究。③多注重工程技术与人文管理领域的相互结合,采取定性和定量相结合的研究方法深化整治后效益研究。最后,关于未来国土整治的发展,提出强化信息工程技术应用、提升国土整治法律地位、拓宽多元融资渠道、集成关键技术和操作规范、开展景观生态专项技术研究的建议。

关键词: 国土整治, 知识体系, 研究进展, 展望, 中国

Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to explore and identify the disciplinary knowledge base of China’s territorial consolidation and rehabilitation research over the years, reveal the research status, explore the deficiencies of existing research, and propose future research directions in this field. First, the word cloud of research hotspots was obtained by using high-frequency keywords and it indicates that this field is composed of seven thematic modules: concept evolution and stage division, development strategy research, consolidation plan, potential analysis, performance evaluation, willingness research, and project types and measures. Second, through content analysis of highly cited literature, the study found that: (1) Existing research mainly focuses on engineering measures and performance evaluation, and does not pay enough attention to the ecological restoration of territorial space, lacks empirical studies on comprehensive land improvement in the whole area, and most of their conclusions are relevant to the typical project areas but the mathematical model and evaluation system obtained have a narrow scope of application. (2) Existing research mainly focuses on the project scale and the administrative units. The focus is often on the comparative analysis of the horizontal data of the land surface. The selected time points are few, and the research scale is relatively simple. (3) Existing work overemphasizes empirical research, and at the same time pays insufficient attention to the field of humanities and social sciences in territorial consolidation and rehabilitation. When examining the prospects of such research, research themes, research scales, and research methods were considered: (1) Emphasize ecological protection, restoration, and management work, actively explore the regional unified quantitative reference system, improve theoretical research, and build a complete knowledge system. (2) Pay attention to the dynamic development in the vertical direction, explore new research perspectives, and carry out long time series and multi-dimensional spatial scale research. (3) Pay more attention to the integration of engineering technology and humanistic management, and adopt qualitative and quantitative research methods to deepen the research on the benefits after consolidation and rehabilitation. Finally, regarding the development of territorial consolidation and rehabilitation in the future, we recommend to strengthen the application of information engineering and technology, enhance the legal status of territorial consolidation and rehabilitation, broaden multiple financing channels, integrate key technologies and operational guidelines, and carry out special technical research on landscape ecology. This research can provide a useful reference for grasping the hotspots and development status of China’s territorial consolidation and rehabilitation research.

Key words: land Consolidation, knowledge system, research progress, outlook, China