资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 309-319.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.02.08

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

经营权权能对农户林地流入意愿的影响

贺超(), 崔权雪, 刘炳薪   

  1. 北京林业大学经济管理学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-11 修回日期:2021-10-26 出版日期:2022-02-25 发布日期:2022-04-13
  • 作者简介:贺超,男,安徽宿州人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为林业经济管理。E-mail: hechao@bjfu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    北京林业大学人文社会科学振兴专项计划重点项目(2018RW05)

Impact of the powers and functions of management right on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland

HE Chao(), CUI Quanxue, LIU Bingxin   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2021-05-11 Revised:2021-10-26 Online:2022-02-25 Published:2022-04-13

摘要:

“三权分置”政策的实施使林地经营权成为一种独立的权利形态,其具体权能内容会对农民的林权流转积极性产生重要影响。本文采用选择实验法,构建林地经营权权能的属性指标,基于2019年对福建省三明市农户的调查数据,研究了林地经营权的权能设置对农户林地流入意愿的影响。结果表明:①林地经营权的具体权能内容会显著影响农户的林地流入意愿。具体而言,林地经营权抵押贷款、林地经营权入股以及续约的优先权对农户的林地流入意愿具有显著正向影响。②社会经济环境因素对农户林地流入意愿的影响不容忽视。其中,城乡社保统筹程度对农户的林地流入意愿具有显著正向影响,村集体林业经营收益分红和林地流入支付金额对农户的林地流入意愿具有显著负向影响。③农户的林地流入意愿存在个体异质性。鉴于此,本文提出扩展经营权权能、推动林地承包权和经营权的财产化、加强对农户林业经营方面的技术推广与培训等建议,以期对未来的林权制度改革方向提供参考。

关键词: 三权分置, 林地经营权权能, 选择实验法, 林地流入, Mixed Logit模型, 福建省三明市

Abstract:

The implementation of the policy of “Separation of Three Rights” made the management right of forestland an independent right form. Its specific right content has an important impact on farmers’ willingness to transfer forest rights. We identified the attribute indicators of forestland management right by using the choice experiment method. Based on the survey data of farmers in Sanming City, Fujian Province in 2019, this study examined the impact of the powers and functions of management right on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland. The results show that: (1) The specific power content of forestland management right significantly affected farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland. Specifically, the powers of forestland management right used for mortgage loans, equity participation, and priority renewal had a significant positive impact on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland. (2) The influence of socioeconomic and environment factors on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland cannot be ignored. The degree of urban and rural social security coordination had a significant positive impact on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland. The village collectives’ forestry management income distribution ratio and the amount of forestland transfer payment had a significant negative impact on farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland. (3) At the individual level, farmers’ willingness to transfer in forestland showed heterogeneity. In view of this, this article proposed to expand the power content of management right, promote the propertization of forestland contract right and management right, and strengthen technical training of farmers in forestry management, in order to provide a reference for the reform of the collective forest right system in the future.

Key words: Separation of Three Rights, the powers and functions of forestland management right, choice experiment, forestland transfer, Mixed Logit model, Sanming City of Fujian Province