资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 232-246.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.02.02

• 研究综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

国外海岸带韧性研究进展及其对中国的启示

李睿倩1,2(), 徐成磊1, 李永富3, 胡恒4   

  1. 1.中国海洋大学国际事务与公共管理学院,青岛 266100
    2.中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院,青岛 266100
    3.中国科学院海洋研究所,青岛 266071
    4.国家海洋技术中心,天津 300112
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-02 修回日期:2021-11-04 出版日期:2022-02-25 发布日期:2022-04-13
  • 作者简介:李睿倩,女,山东济南人,副教授,博士,主要从事海岸带管理研究。E-mail: liruiqian@ouc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    山东省社会科学规划研究项目(19DZZJ03);青岛市哲学社会科学规划项目(QDSKL2101018)

Progress of international research on coastal resilience and implications for China

LI Ruiqian1,2(), XU Chenglei1, LI Yongfu3, HU Heng4   

  1. 1. School of International Affairs and Public Administration, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    2. Institute of Ocean Development, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
    3. Institute of Oceanology, CAS, Qingdao 266071, China
    4. National Ocean Technology Center, Tianjin 300112, China
  • Received:2021-07-02 Revised:2021-11-04 Online:2022-02-25 Published:2022-04-13

摘要:

海岸带韧性可为沿海地区应对全球气候变化与人类活动压力的复合风险提供新的理论源泉和分析视角,对保障沿海地区可持续发展安全具有重要意义。本文在解析海岸带韧性概念内涵的基础上,剖析了以社会生态系统、复杂适应系统等理论为支撑的海岸带韧性理论框架,比较了现有4类评价方法,进而厘清了要素型、过程型和复合型3类评价指标体系的特点,阐释了影响海岸带韧性的社会、自然等多维因素及其作用机制,明确了提升海岸带韧性的抵御型、预防型和适应型3类基本策略。基于现有国外研究成果发现,不同学科和理论视角下海岸带韧性要素关系和韧性能力方面的内涵界定有待厘清,从人地耦合与多维时空视角挖掘海岸带韧性过程与作用机制尚存薄弱之处,多重扰动下海岸带韧性的尺度效应和影响机理分析仍存挑战。最后,本文明确了中国海岸带综合风险防范、区域可持续发展的现实诉求,探讨了以概念内涵为引领、系统评价为支撑、机理解析为重点的本土化理论框架构建内容,提出海岸带韧性理论方法在中国海岸带安全预警、政策精细化制定、国土空间规划与海岸带社会治理等方面的应用路径。

关键词: 海岸带韧性, 理论框架, 可持续发展, 韧性机制, 复杂适应系统, 风险治理, 韧性评价, 脆弱性

Abstract:

Coastal resilience provides a new theoretical and analytical perspective for coastal governance to deal with the compound risks of climate change and anthropogenic environmental pressures, which is of great significance to ensure the sustainable development and security of coastal regions. This study first clarified the connotation of the “coastal resilience” concept. On this basis, the main theoretical frameworks, such as the social-ecological system and the complex adaptive system theories that support coastal resilience research, were analyzed. Then, this research focused on four kinds of evaluation methods relevant to coastal resilience, and further clarified three types of indicator systems (element-based, process-based,and composite type), as well as their characteristics. This was followed by an examination of the mechanisms of impact of natural and socioeconomic factors on coastal resilience. Three basic strategies for enhancing coastal resilience, including resistance, prevention, and adaptation,were analyzed and compared. Drawing on the existing international research findings, we found that the definition of coastal resilience in terms of factor-related relationship and resilience ability calls for more attention from different disciplines and theoretical perspectives. From the human-environmental system coupling perspective and the multiple spatiotemporal dimension perspective, it seems that current investigations on the process and mechanism of coastal resilience is still weak, particularly with regards to the scale effect and the mechanism of influence under multiple disturbances. Finally, this study revealed the realistic demands of comprehensive risk prevention and regional sustainable development in coastal areas of China. A localization of theoretical framework was proposed, which should take the connotation of the concept as guidance, the evaluation of the system as a support, and the analysis of mechanisms as the focus. Applications of coastal resilience theories and methods were also proposed, including in coastal safety warning, policy refinement, spatial planning, and coastal risk governance.

Key words: coastal resilience, theoretical framework, sustainable development, resilience mechanism, complex adaptive system, risk governance, resilience assessment, vulnerability