资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 210-219.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.01.16

• 综述 • 上一篇    

论自然资源的法律概念

黄锡生(), 王中政   

  1. 重庆大学法学院,重庆 400045
  • 收稿日期:2021-07-09 修回日期:2021-12-23 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 作者简介:黄锡生,男,江西赣州人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为自然资源法学。E-mail: huangxisheng@cqu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(21ZDA091)

On the legal concept of natural resources based on the parrot case

HUANG Xisheng(), WANG Zhongzheng   

  1. School of Law, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
  • Received:2021-07-09 Revised:2021-12-23 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25

摘要:

自然资源法律概念是自然资源法学研究的基础。深圳“鹦鹉案”和江西“鹦鹉案”出现的“类案不同判”现象凸显了自然资源法律概念缺失的司法流弊。目前,学界对自然资源法律概念的阐释主要移植了自然资源的科学概念,并依据自然资源的客观性和主观性,分别形成了“状态论”和“行为论”的阐释路径,而这两条阐释路径都难以做到逻辑自洽。自然资源法律概念的形成具有有限自主性,同时受到自然资源特殊性和法律规范约束性的限制。自然资源的法律概念需要立足于其生成逻辑,即法律上的自然资源是指自然界中一切能为人类所利用,且没有成为产品,属于国家或集体所有的天然形成或生成之物。自然资源法律概念体现了自然资源的自然属性、社会属性和法律属性,是自然资源融入法律规范的应然表达。

关键词: 自然资源, 自然资源资产, 自然资源产品, 法律概念, 鹦鹉案

Abstract:

The legal concept of natural resources is the basis of natural resources law research. The phenomenon of “different judgments between similar cases” of the Shenzhen “parrot case” and the Jiangxi “parrot case” highlights the judicial abuse resulting from the lack of legal concept of natural resources. At present, the academic interpretation of the legal concept of natural resources mainly transplants the scientific concept of natural resources, and forms the interpretation path of “state theory” and “behavior theory” respectively according to the objectivity and subjectivity of natural resources, which are difficult to achieve logical self-consistency. The formation of natural resources legal concept has limited autonomy, and is restricted by the particularity of natural resources and the binding of legal norms. The legal concept of natural resources needs to be based on its generative logic, that is, legal natural resources refer to all things of natural formation or natural generation in nature that can be used by human beings and are not yet products, and are of national or collective ownership. The legal concept of natural resources reflects the natural, social, and legal attributes of natural resources, and is the necessary expression for natural resources to integrate into legal norms.

Key words: natural resources, natural resource assets, natural resource products, legal concept, parrot case