资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 187-209.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.01.15

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于文献计量的近20年南极研究进展

吴超玉1,2(), 贾小旭1(), 王洋3, 牛晓倩1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所生态系统网络观测与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 河北农业大学资源与环境科学学院,保定 071000
    3. 河北农业大学国土资源学院,保定 071000
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-08 修回日期:2021-08-06 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 贾小旭,男,河北保定人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为生态系统管理。E-mail: jiaxx@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:吴超玉,女,河北唐山人,硕士研究生,研究方向为资源环境管理与可持续发展。E-mail: chaoyuWU1997@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFC1408205)

A bibliometric analysis of the progress of Antarctic scientific research over the past 20 years

WU Chaoyu1,2(), JIA Xiaoxu1(), WANG Yang3, NIU Xiaoqian1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071000, China
    3. College of Land and Resources, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071000, China
  • Received:2021-03-08 Revised:2021-08-06 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25

摘要:

南极地区独特的地理位置和自然环境条件使其成为世界各国开展各类科研活动的热点区域。本文采用文献计量学可视化方法,以Web of Science数据库核心合集为数据源,分析了2000—2020年南极科学研究的中外发展态势和进程,明晰了近20年南极科学研究的热点及前沿研究领域,并对比分析了中国与美国等西方发达国家在南极开展科学研究的现状,进而为推动中国南极科学研究提供支撑。结果表明:①国际南极科学研究在地球科学(综合)、生态学和海洋学等学科领域发文量较高,而环境科学在南极研究的受关注程度呈不断提高态势;②美国在南极领域的发文量最多,远超其他国家。中国在南极科学研究中与美国、澳大利亚、英国、德国和法国等国家合作密切;③近年国际南极研究的热点问题主要包括南大洋生物资源和碳循环,南极气候变化和海冰异常过程,南极地质演化和古环境,南极微生物资源开发以及南大洋水团及其动力学等;冰盖质量平衡、乔治王岛、生物地理学和生物多样性等研究领域是近年南极科学研究的前沿领域。④中国在南极的科学研究相对侧重环境科学、微生物学和食品科技等领域,而在地球化学与地球物理、生态学和自然地理等领域落后于西方发达国家。未来中国要加强与南极科考强国之间的合作,在学科交叉、边缘部分寻求突破,力争在重要科技领域成为领跑者,在新兴前沿交叉领域成为开拓者。

关键词: 科技活动, CiteSpace, 可视化分析, 文献计量, 南极

Abstract:

Many countries in the world conduct scientific research in the Antarctic for its abundant natural resources and ambiguous ownership. Taking the Web of Science Core Collection database as data source, this study analyzed the development trend and process of international scientific research in the Antarctic from 2000 to 2020 using the method of bibliometric analysis and visualization. The hot spots and frontier fields in Antarctic research in recent 20 years were clarified and the associated research progress in China and some Western developed countries (such as the United States) was compared to provide basic supports for the promotion of China’s scientific research in the Antarctic. The results show that: (1) The number of papers published on international Antarctic research is relatively high in the fields of geosciences (multidisciplinary), ecology, and oceanography, whereas the attention of environmental sciences in Antarctic research is increasing. (2) The United States has published the most papers in the Antarctic research field, far more than other countries in the world. China cooperates closely with the United States, Australia, the UK, Germany, and France in Antarctic scientific research. (3) In recent years, the hot issues of international Antarctic research mainly include the biological resources and carbon cycle of the Southern Ocean, the Antarctic climate change and sea ice anomaly process, the Antarctic geological evolution and paleoenvironment, the development of microbial resources in the Antarctic, and the Southern Ocean water mass and its dynamics, among others; the research fields of ice sheet mass balance, King George Island, biogeography, and biodiversity are the frontiers of Antarctic scientific research in recent years. (4) China focuses on environmental sciences, microbiology, and food technology in Antarctic scientific research, but still lags behind many Western developed countries in the field of geochemistry and geophysics, ecology, and physical geography. In the future, China should strengthen the cooperation with the Antarctic scientific research key players, seek breakthroughs in the interdisciplinary and marginal areas, and strive to become a leader in important scientific and technological fields and a pioneer in new frontier interdisciplinary research fields.

Key words: scientific activities, CiteSpace, visualized analysis, bibliometrics, the Antarctic