资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 181-196.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.01.14

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

藏粮于地背景下国家耕地战略储备制度演进

梁鑫源1,2(), 金晓斌1,2,3(), 韩博1, 孙瑞1, 张晓琳1, 周寅康1,2,3   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2. 自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,南京 210023
    3. 南京大学自然资源研究院,南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-21 修回日期:2021-11-10 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 金晓斌,男,甘肃兰州人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事土地利用与规划研究。E-mail: jinxb@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:梁鑫源,男,河南洛阳人,博士生,主要从事土地资源可持续利用研究。E-mail: liang_xiny@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA096);国家自然科学基金项目(41971234);江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目(KYCX21_0039);自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室开放基金项目(2021CZEPK07)

Evolution of the national cultivated land strategic reserve system under the background of storing grain in the land

LIANG Xinyuan1,2(), JIN Xiaobin1,2,3(), HAN Bo1, SUN Rui1, ZHANG Xiaolin1, ZHOU Yinkang1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Natural Resources, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Natural Resources Research Center, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-04-21 Revised:2021-11-10 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25

摘要:

探讨中国藏粮于地战略实施现状及方向有助于寻求应对全球变化新形势的中国特色藏粮路径。本文基于文献调查法和理论分析法,按照现实问题、解决方案、保障措施的逻辑主线对藏粮战略相关政策及研究进行梳理和总结。结果表明:①藏粮战略相关研究重心逐渐由供需关系层面转向复杂形势下的综合生产能力,但目前仍存在综合目标实现困难、政策内容匹配失衡、实施过程缺乏监管等问题。②融合恢复力视角的藏粮理论内涵拓展为政策整合和战略落地提供了可借鉴思路,即通过挖掘耕地资源生产潜力可实现粮食系统适应能力与抗干扰能力的优化与提升。整体而言,在新时期中国粮食安全目标约束下亟需构建面向全球变化视野、以农业生产潜力评估为基础的国家耕地战略储备制度。通过明确战略储备空间,丰富和完善国家层面耕地占补平衡跨区域统筹、永久基本农田保护、高标准农田建设等相关政策,服务于藏粮于地战略的落地与实践。

关键词: 藏粮于地, 综述, 恢复力, 耕地战略储备, 制度创新

Abstract:

Discussing the current situation and direction of China’s strategy of storing grain in the land is helpful for exploring the implementation path of the grain storage strategy (GSS) with Chinese characteristics in response to the new global challenges. Based on a literature review and theoretical analysis, this study examined and summarized the relevant GSS policies and research with respect to the practical problems, solutions, and implementation measures. The results show that GSS research has gradually shifted from the supply and demand focus to examining comprehensive production capacity under complex situations. However, there exist problems such as difficulties in achieving comprehensive goals, unbalanced policy content matching, and lack of supervision in the implementation process. The GSS connotation expansion with a resilience perspective provides a reference for policy integration and strategy implementation the optimization and improvement of food system’s adaptability and resistence to disruptions can be realized through tapping into cultivated land resource production potential. In conclusion, under the constraints of China’s food security goals in the new era, it is urgent to build a national cultivated land strategic reserve system oriented to global change and based on agricultural production potential assessment. Furthermore, clarifying the strategic reserve space will help enrich and improve related policies such as cross-regional cultivated land occupation-compensation balance, permanent basic farmland protection, and high-standard farmland construction, in order to serve GSS implementation and practice.

Key words: storing grain in the land, review, resilience, cultivated land strategic reserve, system innovation