资源科学 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 15-31.doi: 10.18402/resci.2022.01.02

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

异质型责任主体的环境协同治理效果

孙慧1,2(), 王慧1,2, 肖涵月1,2, 辛龙1,2   

  1. 1. 新疆大学新疆创新管理研究中心,乌鲁木齐 830046
    2. 新疆大学经济与管理学院,乌鲁木齐 830046
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-10 修回日期:2021-06-02 出版日期:2022-01-25 发布日期:2022-03-25
  • 作者简介:孙慧,女,江苏泗阳人,教授,研究方向为资源配置与可持续发展。E-mail: shuixju@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    科技部“基地和人才专项”项目(SQ2021xjkk01800);国家自然科学基金地区项目(71963030);新疆维吾尔自治区社会科学基金项目(21BJY050);新疆维吾尔自治区研究生科研创新项目(XJ2021G010)

Environmental collaborative governance effect of heterogeneous responsible subjects

SUN Hui1,2(), WANG Hui1,2, XIAO Hanyue1,2, XIN Long1,2   

  1. 1. Center for Innovation Management Research of Xinjiang, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, China
  • Received:2021-03-10 Revised:2021-06-02 Online:2022-01-25 Published:2022-03-25

摘要:

政府主导、企业主体、公众参与的“多方联动”中国特色环境治理体系是增强环境主体履行责任、提升生态环境质量、助推经济高质量发展的重要途径。从异质型环境责任主体的内外部协同视角出发,基于2011—2017年中国31个省(区、市)宏观数据及A股1423家工业上市公司相关数据,采用高维固定效应模型探析“多方联动”的环境责任主体“提质”“减排”“增效”的协同治理效果;在环保督查力度持续攀升、环境污染治理行政规制适时调整的背景下,考察环境政策不确定性对于环境责任主体协同治理效果的调节效应。结果表明:①政府规制责任与公众监督责任的内部协同治理发挥显著“提质”效果,倒逼企业积极履行环境治理责任,提升环境责任意识,提高发展质量。②政府规制责任、企业环境责任、公众监督责任“多方联动”的外部协同治理发挥显著“减排”与“增效”作用,不仅降低地区污染排放水平,提高环境治理效率,而且显著提升地区绿色贡献水平,有效促进绿色高质量发展。③环境政策不确定性释放了因时、因地、因事精准施策、适时调整、高效匹配的信号,有效提升了“多方联动”的外部协同治理效果。本文对于加快完善多方协同共治的环境治理机制、推动经济与环境激励相容发展具有重要的现实意义。

关键词: 政府规制责任, 企业环境责任, 公众监督责任, 协同治理, 环境政策不确定性, 高维固定效应模型, 中国

Abstract:

The “multi-party collaboration” environmental governance system with Chinese characteristics, with the government playing the leading role, corporate taking key responsibilities, and public participation, is an important way to enhance the responsibility of environmental subjects, improve the quality of the ecological environment, and promote the high-quality economic development. From the perspective of internal and external collaboration of heterogeneous environmental responsibility subjects and based on the data of 31 provinces in China and 1423 A-share industrial listed companies from 2011 to 2017, this study used the high-dimensional fixed effect model to analyze the collaborative governance effect of “multi-party collaboration” environmental responsibility subjects in improving quality, reducing emissions, and increasing efficiency. Under the background of continuous increase in environmental supervision and timely adjustment of government regulations for environmental pollution control, this study investigated the moderating effect of environmental policy uncertainty on the collaborative governance of environmental responsibility subjects. The results show that: (1) The internal coordination of government regulatory responsibility and public supervision responsibility had a significant “quality improvement” effect, forcing enterprises to actively fulfill their environmental responsibilities, improving their awareness of environmental responsibility and development quality. (2) The external coordination of government regulatory responsibility, corporate environmental responsibility, and public supervision responsibility played a significant “emission reduction” and “efficiency enhancement” role, which not only reduces the level of regional pollution emissions, improves the efficiency of environmental governance, but also significantly improves the level of regional green contribution and effectively promotes green and high-quality development. (3) Environmental policy uncertainty releases the signal of accurate policy implementation, timely adjustment, and efficient matching according to the time, place, and event, therefore effectively improves the collaborative governance effect of “multi-party collaboration”. The study is of great practical significance for accelerating the improvement of the environmental governance mechanism of multi-party collaboration and promoting the incentive compatibility between economic development and environmental protection.

Key words: government regulatory responsibility, corporate environmental responsibility, public supervision responsibility, collaborative governance, environmental policy uncertainty, high dimensional fixed effect model, China