资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (12): 2514-2525.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.12.13

• 资源环境管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境政策、制度质量和可再生能源技术创新——基于32个国家的实证分析

李凡(), 朱缤绮(), 孙颖   

  1. 北京第二外国语学院商学院,北京 100024
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-19 修回日期:2021-10-25 出版日期:2021-12-25 发布日期:2022-02-16
  • 通讯作者: 朱缤绮,女,河南郑州人,硕士研究生,研究方向为技术创新政策。E-mail: zbq6528@163.com
  • 作者简介:李凡,女,吉林吉林人,博士,教授,研究方向为技术创新管理。E-mail: lifan@bisu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71874009);教育部人文社会科学项目(17YJA630042);国家留学基金委出国留学项目(留金项[2018]10038)

Environmental policy, institutional quality and renewable energy technology innovation: An empirical analysis of 32 countries

LI Fan(), ZHU Binqi(), SUN Ying   

  1. Business College, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2021-05-19 Revised:2021-10-25 Online:2021-12-25 Published:2022-02-16

摘要:

可再生能源技术创新是促进能源转型和经济高质量发展的重要一环。已有研究多从国内经济因素探讨环境政策对可再生能源技术创新的影响,较少从制度层面以及开放的国际视域开展研究。本文利用1998—2016年32个国家的面板数据,运用多元回归分析方法,首先引入政策强度计量政策严格性,探索国内外环境政策对本国可再生能源技术创新的动态影响,其次选用制度质量作为制度环境优劣的度量指标,探讨制度因素对环境政策效果的调节作用。研究发现:①国内外环境政策对本国可再生能源技术创新均存在正向影响,但这种影响存在一定的时间滞后期;②国外环境政策对本国可再生能源技术创新的影响早于国内环境政策,国外环境政策的“政策溢出”效应存在;③制度质量正向调节国内环境政策对本国可再生能源技术创新的影响,制度质量的提高能够增强环境政策的创新激励效应。研究结论可为中国进一步优化环境政策体系、推动可再生能源发展提供科学依据。

关键词: 可再生能源, 技术创新, 环境政策, 政策溢出, 制度质量, 固定效应模型, 调节效应

Abstract:

Renewable energy technology innovation is an important part of promoting energy transformation and high-quality economic development. Most of the existing studies focus on domestic economic factors to explore the impact of environmental policies on renewable energy technology innovation, while limited attention has been paid to institutions and conducting research from an international perspective. Based on the panel data of 32 countries from 1998 to 2016, this study used multiple regression analysis method. Firstly, it introduced policy stringency to measure the strictness of policies, exploring the dynamic impacts of domestic and foreign environmental policies on renewable energy technology innovation. Secondly, it used institutional quality as the measurement index of institutional environment, discussing the moderating effect of institutional factors on the effect of environmental policies. The results show that: (1) Domestic and foreign environmental policies both have positive impacts on domestic renewable energy technology innovation, but these effects have a certain time lag; (2) The impact of foreign environmental policies on domestic renewable energy technology innovation is earlier than that of domestic environmental policies, which indicates the existence of “policy spillover” from foreign environmental policies; (3) Institutional quality has a positive moderating effect on the effect of domestic environmental policies. The improvement of institutional quality can enhance the innovation incentive effect of environmental policies. These conclusions provide a scientific basis for the state to further optimize the environmental policy system and promote the development of renewable energy.

Key words: renewable energy, technology innovation, environmental policy, policy spillover, institutional quality, fixed effects model, moderating effect