资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2303-2315.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.13

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同类型流动人口的环境友好行为差异——论生活方式的中介作用

方芗(), 周玉娇()   

  1. 中山大学社会学与人类学学院,广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-21 修回日期:2021-06-17 出版日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-01-27
  • 通讯作者: 周玉娇,女,海南海口人,博士研究生,研究方向为人口环境与健康。E-mail: 917082789@qq.com
  • 作者简介:方芗,女,湖南平江人,副教授,博士生导师,研究方向为环境健康风险社会认知,科学技术与环境、能源与环境风险治理等。E-mail: xiangfang01@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(16CSH021)

Environmental-friendly behaviors of different floating population groups: The mediation effect of lifestyle

FANG Xiang(), ZHOU Yujiao()   

  1. School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2021-02-21 Revised:2021-06-17 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-27

摘要:

随着中国流动人口的数量激增和类型多样化,研究其环境友好行为对生态文明建设和美丽中国建设具有重要的现实意义。本文使用CGSS2013数据,探讨3类流动人口(农业户籍乡城流动、非农户籍乡城流动和城城流动)的环境友好行为差异,分析两类生活方式(消费和闲暇)的中介作用,并运用倾向值匹配法做稳健性检验。结果表明:①乡城流动人口的两类(私人和公共)环境友好行为均显著好于农村本地人口,城城流动人口的两类环境友好行为与城市本地居民没有显著差异。②流动人口对私人环境友好行为的影响部分存在两类生活方式的中介作用,对公共环境友好行为的影响则完全通过两类生活方式的中介作用产生;③在考虑了流动人口的样本选择性偏差问题后,农村人口的迁移决策依然会使得私人环境友好行为更好。总之,流动使人们脱离原有环境价值体系,通过生活方式改变,环境友好行为得到提升,这对中国生态环境优化有积极意义。

关键词: 环境友好行为, 生活方式, 人口流动, 倾向值匹配, 中介效应

Abstract:

This study explored the differences of environmental-friendly behaviors of the floating population and examined how the change of lifestyle can promote environmental-friendly behaviors. Based on the data of CGSS 2013, this study used the multiple linear regression model to examine the impact of three types of mobility on private environmental-friendly behavior and public environmental-friendly behavior, analyzed the mediation effect of lifestyles, and conducted a robustness test by using the propensity score matching method. The research findings indicate that: (1) the two types of environmental-friendly behaviors (private and public) of rural-urban floating population are significantly superior to those of rural local population. There are no significant differences in the two types of environmental-friendly behaviors between urban floating population and urban local residents. (2) the impacts of migrants on private environmental-friendly behavior are partly mediated by the two lifestyles (consumption and leisure activities), while the influence of the floating population on public environmental-friendly behavior is entirely produced by the mediation of lifestyles. (3) after considering the sample selection bias, the migration decision of the rural population will still increase the private environmental-friendly behavior. In short, mobility makes people break away from the original environmental value system and improve environmental-friendly behavior through lifestyle changes, which are of positive significance to the optimization of China’s ecological environment.

Key words: environmental-friendly behavior, lifestyle, migration, propensity score matching method, mediation effect