资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2289-2302.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.12

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

公众参与城市水环境治理行为的影响因素——基于北上广三地的调查数据

申津羽1(), 王煜琪1, 赵正2()   

  1. 1.华南农业大学经济管理学院,广州 510642
    2.上海师范大学旅游学院,上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-03 修回日期:2021-05-19 出版日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 赵正,男,山西太原人,讲师,从事城市生态建设、资源与环境经济等研究。E-mail: zzshnu@shnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:申津羽,女,贵州贵阳人,讲师,硕士生导师,从事资源与环境经济、林业经济等研究。E-mail: shenjinyu1017@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71903058)

Factors influencing public participation in urban water environmental governance: Based on the survey data in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou

SHEN Jinyu1(), WANG Yuqi1, ZHAO Zheng2()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    2. College of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2021-03-03 Revised:2021-05-19 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-25

摘要:

明确公众参与城市水环境治理行为的影响因素对提高水环境治理绩效具有重要意义。本文基于北京、上海、广州三地2051份公众问卷,运用双栏模型和解释结构模型考察了公众城市水环境治理参与意愿和参与程度的影响因素,探究了公众参与意愿的内在发生机制。结果表明:①北上广三地74.3%的公众有城市水环境治理参与愿意,平均意愿支付水平为12.29元/年;②公众参与城市水环境治理的意愿和程度的影响因素不尽相同,其中公众月均可支配收入、前往城市水环境的频率与在城市水环境内停留时间、城市水环境景观和娱乐价值认知以及城市水环境整体生态状况感知对公众参与程度有显著影响;③公众参与意愿的内在发生机制是深层根源因素(公众受教育程度、年龄和居住地距最近的城市水环境距离),通过影响中层间接因素(城市水环境整体生态状况感知以及城市水环境生态价值认知),进而影响直接驱动因素公众环境责任意识,最终影响公众城市水环境治理参与意愿。提出了加大水环境治理宣传力度,制定公众参与治理奖励政策以及完善公众与政府信息交流机制等建议。

关键词: 城市水环境治理, 公众参与行为, 双栏模型, 解释结构模型, 北上广

Abstract:

Understanding the determinants of public willingness to participate in urban water environmental governance plays a significant role in improving water environmental governance performance. Based on 2051 questionnaires from Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, this study used a double-hurdle model to analyze the factors that affect the public participation willingness and degree of urban water environmental governance, and conducted an interpretative structural model analysis to explore the mechanism of interaction of participation willingness. The results show that: (1) Of the survey participants, 74.3%are willing to participate in urban water environmental governance, and they are willing to pay around 12.29 Yuan/year for this purpose; (2) There are significant differences in the determinants of public willingness and degree to participate in urban water environmental governance, and disposable income, frequency of visits to urban water environment and duration of stay, cognition of landscape and entertainment value of urban water environment, and perception of the overall ecological condition of urban water environment have significant impact on their degree of participation; (3) The fundamental factors (education level, age, distance between residence and urban water environment) impact the intermediary factors (perception of overall ecological condition of urban water environment, cognition of ecological value of urban water environment), then influence the direct driving factor (environmental responsibility awareness), and ultimately affect the public participation willingness in urban water environmental governance. To conclude, this article suggests that policymakers should enhance the propaganda of environmental protection, design awarding policy for public participation, and further improve the information exchange mechanism between the government and the public.

Key words: urban water environmental governance, public participation, double-hurdle model, interpretative structural modeling, Beijing,Shanghai,and Guangzhou