资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2215-2223.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.06

• 自然资源分类专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

水资源分类方案及学科体系

左其亭1,2,3(), 张志卓1,2, 马军霞1,2()   

  1. 1.郑州大学水利科学与工程学院,郑州 450001
    2.河南省水循环模拟与水环境保护国际联合实验室,郑州 450001
    3.郑州市水资源与水环境重点实验室,郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-03 修回日期:2021-11-01 出版日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 马军霞,女,河北邯郸人,硕士,高级实验师,主要研究方向为地下水文学。E-mail: majx@zzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:左其亭,男,河南固始人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为水文学及水资源。E-mail: zuoqt@zzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51279183);国家社会科学基金重大项目(12&ZD215)

Classification scheme of water resources and its disciplinary system

ZUO Qiting1,2,3(), ZHANG Zhizhuo1,2, MA Junxia1,2()   

  1. 1. School of Water Conservancy Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
    2. Henan International Joint Laboratory of Water Cycle Simulation and Environmental Protection, Zhengzhou 450001, China
    3. Zhengzhou Key Laboratory of Water Resource and Environment, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2021-05-03 Revised:2021-11-01 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-25

摘要:

水资源的界定和分类是开展水资源研究和管理工作的基础,水资源学学科体系建设对学科未来发展具有重要意义。水资源的分类进一步明确了水资源学的研究对象,是构建水资源学学科体系的基础内容,在梳理现有水资源分类方案的基础上,按照多原则-多维度-多类别的分类思路,提出了水资源分类新方案,包含9个维度26种类别;在总结水资源学发展历程基础上,构建了水资源学学科体系框架,明确了水资源学的研究对象,梳理了包含水量平衡原理、水资源价值理论、水资源可持续利用理论和人水和谐论等代表性理论体系,总结了涵盖监测与模拟方法、水资源模型等方法的方法论和一系列应用实践;考虑水资源分类,从不同角度探讨了水资源学派生出的分支学科,并对水资源学研究方向进行了展望。为水资源研究和管理工作以及水资源学学科建设提供参考。

关键词: 水资源, 水资源分类, 水资源学, 学科体系, 发展布局

Abstract:

The definition and classification of water resources are the basis of conducting water resources research and management. The construction of the disciplinary system of water resources science is of great significance to the future development of the discipline. The classification of water resources further clarifies the research objects of water resources and is the basic content of constructing the disciplinary system of water resources science. Based on a framework of multi-principle, multi-dimension, and multi-category, a new classification scheme of water resources was put forward, which includes 26 categories in 9 dimensions. On the basis of summarizing the development history of water resources science, this study constructed the disciplinary system framework of water resources science, clarified the research objects of water resources science, and identified representative theoretical systems including the principle of water balance, the theory of water resources value, the theory of sustainable use of water resources, and the theory of human-water harmony. It also summarized the methodology covering monitoring and simulation methods, water resources models and other methods, and a series of applications. Considering the classification of water resources, the branches of water resources school are discussed from different perspectives, as well as the prospect and development directions of the research of water resources science. This study provides a reference for the research and management of water resources and the disciplinary development of water resources science.

Key words: water resources, water resources classification, water resources science, disciplinary system, development layout