资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2203-2214.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.05

• 自然资源分类专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

国内外自然资源分类体系研究综述

王晓青1,2(), 濮励杰1,2,3()   

  1. 1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院,南京 210023
    2.自然资源部海岸带开发与保护重点实验室,南京 210023
    3.南京工程学院,南京 211167
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-28 修回日期:2021-09-28 出版日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-01-27
  • 通讯作者: 濮励杰,男,江苏吴江人,博士,教授,研究方向为土地利用及其环境效应、土地利用规划。E-mail: ljpu@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王晓青,女,山东潍坊人,博士,研究方向为土地利用及其环境效应。E-mail: wxq@smail.nju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42171245);国家自然科学基金项目(41871083)

A review of the classification of natural resources

WANG Xiaoqing1,2(), PU Lijie1,2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Coastal Zone Exploitation and Protection, Ministry of Natural Resources, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. Nanjing Institute of Technology, Nanjing 211167, China
  • Received:2021-04-28 Revised:2021-09-28 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-27

摘要:

自然资源类型的科学合理划分是实现中国自然资源统一治理的关键。本文通过大量文献资料梳理,深入分析中国自然资源分类体系研究现状,阐明中国自然资源分类面临的问题与挑战,在总结和归纳国外自然资源分类经验的基础上,提出对构建新分类体系的思路和建议。研究发现:中国现行自然资源分类体系种类繁多、标准不一,多种维度的自然资源分类导致资源类别产生交叉和重复,原分类体系已不能满足实现自然资源统一管理的发展需求。本文提出新分类体系的构建可从“山水林田湖草”综合治理的理念出发,以实现自然资源统一及现代化治理为目标导向,遵循系统性、统一性、全面性等分类原则构建统一的分类标准。最后,提出了对构建新分类体系的流程和思路框架。本文可为构建面向统一管理的自然资源分类提供参考。

关键词: 自然资源, 统一管理, 分类体系, 分类标准, 对比, 综述

Abstract:

The scientific classification of natural resources is the basis and key to realizing the modern management of natural resources in China. Our study was based on the review of a large amount of literature, and we analyzed the research progress, existing problems, and challenges of China’s natural resources classification system. We also put forward implications and recommendations for a new classification system of natural resources in China on the basis of summarizing the experience of natural resources classification internationally. The results show that currently there are many kinds of classification systems of natural resources in China and the standards are not uniform. The multi-dimensional natural resource classification led to the problem of crossover and duplication, and the original classification system could not meet the development needs of achieving unified natural resource management. The paper proposed that the construction of the new classification system should be based on the concept of “integrated management of mountains, water, forests, fields, lakes and grasses”, with the goal of achieving the unified and modernized management of natural resources, and following the principles of systematic, uniformity and comprehensiveness. Finally, we proposed a process and framework for the construction of the new classification system. Our research can provide a scientific reference for building a natural resource classification system for unified management.

Key words: natural resources, unified management, classification system, classification standard, comparison, review