资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2192-2202.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.04

• 自然资源分类专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国草地等级划分体系回顾与新体系构建

李治国1(), 王占义1, 屈志强1, 那亚1, 王忠武1, 吕世杰2, 王海春3, 韩国栋1()   

  1. 1.内蒙古农业大学草原与资源环境学院,呼和浩特 010019
    2.内蒙古农业大学理学院,呼和浩特 010020
    3.内蒙古财经大学财政税务学院,呼和浩特 010010
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-10 修回日期:2021-11-10 出版日期:2021-11-25 发布日期:2022-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 韩国栋,男,内蒙古托克托县人,教授,研究方向为草地生态与资源管理利用。E-mail: nmghanguodong@163.com
  • 作者简介:李治国,男,内蒙古包头市人,副教授,研究方向为草地生态与管理。E-mail: nmndlzg@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(32060384);内蒙古自治区科技计划项目(2020GG0100);内蒙古自治区科技成果转化项目(2019CG069)

Review of grassland classification and grading and construction of a new system in China

LI Zhiguo1(), WANG Zhanyi1, QU Zhiqiang1, NA Ya1, WANG Zhongwu1, LV Shijie2, WANG Haichun3, HAN Guodong1()   

  1. 1. College of Grassland and Resources and Environment, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010019, China
    2. College of Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010020, China
    3. College of Finance and Taxation, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot 010010, China
  • Received:2021-09-10 Revised:2021-11-10 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-25

摘要:

草地资源作为自然资源的重要组成部分,其在乡村振兴发展过程中不应局限于扮演畜牧业生产资料这一单一角色,更需要体现其生态价值。在国家开展自然资源清查、土地确权、土地有偿使用市场化的背景下,现行的草地等级划分体系已经不能够完全满足当前形势发展的需要,因此本文根据已有的草地等级划分体系,在综合草地的自然、经济和社会属性的基础上,考量评价指标的可获取性和可操作性,重新构建草地分等定级的评价因子和指标,并按照各个因子的加权打分结果划分出5个草地等,以及每个“等”别下的5个草地“级”,并基于该方法划分了内蒙古3个嘎查(村)的草地等级。该划分方法旨在体现草地等级划分的实时性,为草地利用与保护提供理论依据,为进一步完善草地等级划分体系和定价体系提供借鉴。

关键词: 草地资源, 草地类型, 草地评价, 分等定级体系, 内蒙古

Abstract:

As an important part of natural resources, grassland resources not only play a role as the means of production in the process of rural revitalization and development in China, but also have key ecological and production values. In the context of implementing the national inventory of natural resources, land right confirmation, and marketization of compensated use, the original grassland classification system can no longer fully meet the requirements of the current form of development. Therefore, based on the existing grassland grading systems and by integrating the natural, economic, and social attributes of grasslands and considering the availability and operability of data for evaluation indicators, this study reconstructed the evaluation indices and indicators of grassland grading and classification. According to the weighted scores of each indicator, five grassland grades were divided, and five grassland classes under each grade were defined. Three villages in Inner Mongolia were evaluated by this method. This study aimed to reflect the real-time nature of grading, provide a theoretical basis for grassland utilization and protection, and provide a reference for further development of grassland classification and grading system and grassland resource pricing system.

Key words: grassland resources, grassland types, grassland evaluation, classification and grading system, Inner Mongolia