资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 1903-1917.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.09.15

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

社区发展研究进展与启示

朱冬芳1,2(), 钟林生1,2(), 虞虎1   

  1. 1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-20 修回日期:2021-06-20 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 钟林生,男,江西于都人,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为生态旅游与保护地管理。E-mail: zhongls@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:朱冬芳,女,安徽庐江人,博士生,研究方向为旅游地理、国家公园。E-mail: zhudf.19b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目(2019QZKK0401);中国科学院A类战略性先导科技专项(XDA20020302);中国科学院、青海省三江源国家公园联合研究专项(LHZX-2020-05)

Research progress of community development of national parks and implications

ZHU Dongfang1,2(), ZHONG Linsheng1,2(), YU Hu1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-05-20 Revised:2021-06-20 Online:2021-09-25 Published:2021-11-25

摘要:

社区是国家公园建设的重要组成部分。本文以“Web of Science 核心合集”为基础数据库,对国家公园社区发展研究领域的文献进行系统分析和重点凝练,评论现有研究主题、核心内容和主要经验,并提出中国国家公园社区发展研究框架。结果表明:①国家公园社区发展研究可划分为萌芽阶段(1990年以前)、起步阶段(1991—1999年)和快速发展阶段(2000—2019年);②研究成果集中在国家公园社区感知与态度的影响因素、社区与国家公园生态旅游发展、国家公园社区冲突与协调、国家公园社区管理模式4个方面。鉴于中国国家公园体系的类型多样化、地域多样化、经济发展阶段多样化等基本国情,本文认为中国国家公园社区发展研究要围绕人地关系矛盾的突出问题,重点研究社区对国家公园建设的认知与态度、国家公园社区参与模式与机制、国家公园社区的类型识别与可持续动力路径、国家公园社区管理与调控策略,在研究方法上进行集成和优化,以形成对中国国家公园社区可持续发展有益的研究体系。

关键词: 国家公园, 社区发展, 社区态度, 生态旅游, 社区冲突, 社区管理, 研究框架

Abstract:

Community is an important part of national park construction. Based on the Web of Science Core Collection database, this study conducted a systematic analysis of the literature on national park community research as well as its key content, and put forward a research framework of national park community development in China. The results show that the research on the community development of national parks can be divided into the embryonic stage (before 1990), the initial stage (1991-1999), and the rapid development stage (since 2000). Furthermore, the research mainly focuses on four aspects, including the influencing factors of community perception and attitude, ecotourism development and community, conflict and coordination between communities and parks, as well as community management models. Under the background of diversification of national park types, geographic types, and economic development stages, research on national park community development in China should focus on the prominent problems of conflict between human and land. Lessons should be drawn from research on national park community, and the key issues should focus on the cognition and attitude towards the construction of national parks, community participation models and mechanism of national parks, identification of the types of national park community and their sustainability drivers and paths, and the management as well as the development strategy of national park community. At the same time, the research methods should be integrated and optimized to establish a scientific system of sustainable community development in national parks.

Key words: national parks, community development, community attitude, ecological tourism, community conflict, community management, research framework