资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 1549-1561.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.08.04

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

精准扶贫政策对国家级贫困县城乡收入差距的影响

张博胜1,3(), 曹筱杨2()   

  1. 1.云南财经大学经济学院,昆明 650221
    2.云南工商学院,昆明 650228
    3.云南桓烨建设工程有限公司,昆明 650224
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-25 修回日期:2021-03-25 出版日期:2021-08-25 发布日期:2021-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 曹筱杨,女,安徽淮南人,硕士,主要从事土地资源管理等研究。E-mail: 68503657@qq.com
  • 作者简介:张博胜,男,云南大理人,工程师,博士,主要从事山区开发与精准扶贫、区域经济与土地利用等研究。E-mail: 251808315@qq.com

Impact of targeted poverty alleviation policy on the urban-rural income gap in national poverty-stricken counties

ZHANG Bosheng1,3(), CAO Xiaoyang2()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
    2. Yunnan Technology and Business University, Kunming 650228, China
    3. Yunnan Hanye Construction Engineering Co., Ltd., Kunming 650224, China
  • Received:2020-09-25 Revised:2021-03-25 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-25

摘要:

精准扶贫是近年来中国典型的农村偏向性政策,对城乡收入差距的影响效应有待进一步检验。本文基于2010—2019年县域面板数据,以中国典型贫困地区——云南省为研究案例,利用倾向得分匹配-双重差分法(PSM-DID)研究了精准扶贫政策实施对国家级贫困县城乡收入差距的影响。结果表明:①精准扶贫政策有利于国家级贫困县农民增收,进而显著缩小了国家级贫困县城乡相对收入差距,但对城乡绝对收入差距作用不明显。其他条件不变的情况下,受到精准扶贫政策冲击后,国家级贫困县农民人均收入增长率比非贫困县平均上升0.1512,而城乡相对收入差距平均降低0.3668,但这种政策效应存在一定的波动性,政策累积效应不明显。②精准扶贫政策主要通过促进城镇化、增加资本投入、提高农业产出水平、以及产业结构非农化调整4个方面促进了国家级贫困县城乡收入差距的缩小。长远来看,在提高农业产出水平的同时,逐步推动产业非农化调整将给贫困地区农民增收带来持续累积效应,对改善贫困地区城乡收入分配产生积极影响。针对以上结论,进一步提出了相应的政策建议。

关键词: 精准扶贫, 城乡收入差距, 倾向得分匹配-双重差分法(PSM-DID), 贫困县, 准自然实验, 云南省

Abstract:

Targeted poverty alleviation is the typical rural oriented policy in China in recent years, and its impact on urban-rural income gap needs to be further tested. Based on the county panel data from 2010 to 2019, a case study was conducted in Yunnan Province, a typical poverty-stricken area in China, to examine the impact of targeted poverty alleviation policy on urban-rural income gap in national poverty-stricken counties by means of propensity score matching-difference-in-differences method (PSM-DID). The results show that: (1) The targeted poverty alleviation policy is beneficial to the increase of income of the farmers in the national poverty-stricken counties, and can reduce the relative income gap between urban and rural areas. But it has no obvious impact on the absolute income gap between urban and rural areas. Other things being equal, the per capita income growth rate of farmers in poor counties at the national level rose by 0.1512 on average, while the relative income gap between urban and rural areas decreased by 0.3668 on average, but this kind of policy effect exhibits certain volatility, and the cumulative policy effect is not clear. (2) The targeted poverty alleviation policy has promoted the reduction of the urban-rural income gap in the poor counties by promoting urbanization, increasing capital input, raising the level of agricultural output, and adjusting the non-agricultural industrial structure. In the long run, while increasing the level of agricultural output, the gradual promotion of non-agricultural industrial adjustment will bring about a continuous cumulative effect on the income increase of farmers in poor areas and a positive impact on the improvement of income distribution between urban and rural areas. In view of the above conclusion, corresponding policy recommendations were further made.

Key words: targeted poverty alleviation, urban-rural income gap, PSM-DID, poverty-stricken counties, quasi-natural experiment, Yunnan Province