资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 1534-1548.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.08.03

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业企业不同类型绿色技术创新内在关联与绩效传导路径

汪明月1(), 李颖明1,2(), 王子彤1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院,北京 100190
    2.中国科学院大学公共政策与管理学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-09 修回日期:2020-12-28 出版日期:2021-08-25 发布日期:2021-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 李颖明,女,河北衡水人,研究员,博士,硕士生导师,研究方向为科技创新与可持续发展。E-mail: liyingming@casisd.cn
  • 作者简介:汪明月,男,江西南昌人,特别研究助理,博士后,研究方向为绿色技术创新与环境治理政策。E-mail: smilemingyue@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金项目(2020M670470);国家社会科学基金重大专项(19VMG040)

Relationship and performance transmission paths of different types of green technology innovation in industrial enterprises

WANG Mingyue1(), LI Yingming1,2(), WANG Zitong1,2   

  1. 1. Institutes of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    2. School of Public Policy and Management,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-09-09 Revised:2020-12-28 Online:2021-08-25 Published:2021-10-25

摘要:

绿色技术创新可划分为末端治理技术创新、绿色工艺创新和绿色产品创新,在改进环境绩效和市场竞争力的同时,也能够提高企业的经济绩效。本文构建了绿色技术创新升级和经济绩效改善的关系模型,以642家工业企业为样本进行实证分析。研究结果表明:①企业3类绿色技术创新均能够显著改善其环境绩效和市场竞争力。②企业环境绩效和市场竞争力是经济绩效传导过程中的重要中介变量。③企业末端治理技术创新能够促进绿色工艺创新和绿色产品创新,企业绿色工艺创新能够正向影响企业的绿色产品创新,即不同类型绿色技术创新之间存在技术创新升级的空间。④不同类型绿色技术创新向经济绩效传导的路径存在一定的差异性,表现为绿色工艺创新能够直接产生经济绩效,而末端治理技术创新、绿色产品创新只能通过间接路径提高企业的经济绩效。通过上述研究识别了企业3种不同类型绿色技术创新之间的传导关系,对比分析了不同类型绿色技术创新经济绩效提升的异同性,给出了更多的企业绿色技术创新经济绩效提升的路径,对于深化绿色技术创新过程认识及优化政策设计具有重要意义。

关键词: 工业企业, 绿色技术创新, 创新关联, 创新绩效, 传导路径, 多重中介模型

Abstract:

Green technology innovations can be divided into end-of-pipe technology innovation, green process innovation, and green product innovation, which can improve the environmental performance as well as the economic performance of enterprises. Based on existing research, this study constructed a conceptual model of economic performance transmission with green technology innovation and upgrading, and conducted an empirical analysis using the survey data of 642 industrial enterprises. The results show that the three types of green technology innovation can significantly improve the environmental performance and market competitiveness of the enterprises. Enterprise environmental performance and market competitiveness are important meditation variables in the process of transmission. End-of-pipe technology innovation can positively affect green process innovation and green product innovation. Green process innovation of enterprises can positively promote green product innovation, and there is room for technology innovation upgrading between different types of green technology innovations. There are some differences in the transmission path from different types of green technology innovation to economic performance, which shows that green process innovation can directly generate higher economic performance, while the end-of-pipe technology innovation and green product innovation can only improve the economic performance of enterprises through indirect paths. Through this research, the relationship between different types of green technology innovation in enterprises is identified, more paths to improve the economic performance of green technology innovation in enterprises are given, and the similarities and differences between different types of green technology innovation are compared and analyzed, which is of great significance for deepening the understanding of green technology innovation process and optimizing policy design.

Key words: industrial enterprises, green technology innovation, relationship of innovations, innovation performance, transmission paths, multiple mediation model