资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1440-1453.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.13

• 宅基地价值功能与退出效应 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户互动对农村宅基地退出补偿的影响——基于社会网络视角

彭山桂1,2(), 孙昊3, 王健4, 张勇2   

  1. 1.山东农业大学经济管理学院,泰安 271018
    2.南京农业大学公共管理博士后流动站,南京 210095
    3.山东师范大学商学院,济南 250358
    4.南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-10 修回日期:2021-02-19 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 作者简介:彭山桂,男,四川蓬安人,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为土地经济。E-mail: pengshangui@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(20YJC630110)

Influence of farming household interactions on rural homestead withdrawal compensation from the perspective of social network

PENG Shangui1,2(), SUN Hao3, WANG Jian4, ZHANG Yong2   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
    2. Public Administration Postdoctoral Research Station, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    3. School of Business, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
    4. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2020-08-10 Revised:2021-02-19 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

测度、刻画农村宅基地退出补偿的农户互动影响有利于深入理解宅基地退出补偿的形成机理,对于科学地制定政策,推动农户依法自愿有偿退出宅基地具有重要意义。本文运用计量模型对农村宅基地退出补偿的农户互动影响进行测度,利用提名法构建反映农户互动影响关系的社会网络,分析农户个体的中心性及其驱动因素,刻画具有重要影响力的“人物”特征,进而从“人本”视角提出相应的政策启示。研究发现:①农户间的互动影响是农户宅基地退出补偿形成机理中的一个重要因素。在控制其他影响因素的情况下,一个农户“邻居”的宅基地退出受偿意愿价格变化1%,将会导致该农户的宅基地退出受偿意愿价格同向变动0.218%~0.421%;②农户宅基地退出补偿讨论网中农户的入度中心性、出度中心性存在明显差异,反映出不同农户施加影响与接受影响的水平呈现出明显差别;③农户中心性的形成机制中,个人收入并不是一个显著因素,而职业声望与受教育程度这两个与身份、声望相关联的因素则是显著因素。农户宅基地退出补偿推进的过程中,可以考虑按照分类推进的思路,运用农户的互动影响,更好地促进政策目标的实现。

关键词: 宅基地, 退出补偿, 农户, 互动影响, 空间计量模型, 社会互动模型, 社会网络分析

Abstract:

Measuring and depicting the influence of farming household interactions concerning rural homestead withdraw compensation is helpful for understanding the formation mechanism of homestead withdraw compensation, and has significance implications for making policy arrangements scientifically and promoting the withdraw of farmers who have settled in cities from rural homesteads according to the law, voluntarily, and with compensation. In this study, an econometric model was used to measure farmers’ interaction concerning homestead withdraw compensation, and the nomination method was used to construct a social network reflecting the interactions of farming households concerning homestead withdraw compensation. Furthermore, the centrality of individual farmers and its driving factors were analyzed, the characteristics of “people with important influence” were depicted, and then the corresponding policy implications were put forward from the people-oriented perspective. The results show that: (1) Interactions between farmers are an important factor in the formation mechanism of farmers’ homestead withdraw compensation. Controlling for the influence of other factors, for a farmer, a 1% change in the willingness to accept (WTA) of neighbors will lead to a change of 0.218%~0.421% in the same direction. (2) There are obvious differences in farmers’ in degree centrality and out degree centrality in the discussion network of homestead withdraw compensation, which reflects the varied ability of different farmers to exert and accept influences. (3) In the process of the formation of farmers’ centrality, personal income is not a significant factor, while the two factors related to identity and reputation, namely, professional prestige and educational level, are significant factors. The policy implication of this study is that in the process of promoting the compensation for farmers’ homestead withdrawal, according to the idea of differentiated promotion, we can use the interactive influence of farmers to better promote the realization of policy objectives.

Key words: rural homestead, withdraw compensation, farming households, interaction, spatial econometric model, social interaction model, social network analysis