资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1403-1418.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.10

• 宅基地产权与退出机制 • 上一篇    下一篇

贫困地区农户宅基地有偿退出行为的影响路径——基于家庭生命周期视角

高原1(), 孙鹏飞2, 赵凯1()   

  1. 1.西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
    2.山东农业大学经济管理学院,泰安 271018
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-27 修回日期:2020-12-23 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 赵凯,男,宁夏固原人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为农业经济管理、土地经济等。E-mail: zhaokai@nwafu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:高原,女,甘肃白银人,博士研究生,研究方向为农业经济管理。E-mail: 1140624150@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    农业农村部农村合作经济指导司课题(10200071);陕西省社会科学基金项目(2020R037);陕西省创新能力支撑计划软科学项目(2021KRM178)

The influence path of farmers’ homestead withdrawal behavior in poor areas:From the family life cycle perspective

GAO Yuan1(), SUN Pengfei2, ZHAO Kai1()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2020-07-27 Revised:2020-12-23 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

探究贫困地区农户宅基地退出行为的影响路径对于实施宅基地退出政策具有重要的理论意义与现实意义。本文基于家庭生命周期视角,根据计划行为理论,结合全国农村宅基地改革试点县中唯一的贫困县——安徽省金寨县333份农户的微观调研数据,运用结构方程模型,探讨了贫困地区农户宅基地退出行为的影响路径,并对比分析了不同类型家庭宅基地退出行为影响路径的差异。结果表明:①贫困地区农户宅基地退出行为基本遵循计划行为理论,影响路径包括“行为态度→退出意愿→退出行为”和“主观规范→退出意愿→退出行为”,且主观规范是主导因素,行为态度次之,农户宅基地退出意愿显著正向影响其退出行为。②不同类型家庭宅基地退出行为的影响路径不同,其中抚幼养老型家庭和养老型家庭的影响路径与样本总体路径一致,包括“行为态度→退出意愿→退出行为”和“主观规范→退出意愿→退出行为”;抚幼型家庭的影响路径仅有“主观规范→退出意愿→退出行为”,且其主观规范对退出意愿的影响强于养老型家庭和抚幼养老型家庭。提出了针对不同类型家庭实施不同的农户宅基地退出激励政策,有效利用农户的社会网络,健全宅基地退出后的配套政策,以及严格落实宅基地退出补偿资金的信息公开和按时支付制度等建议。

关键词: 宅基地退出, 影响路径, 计划行为理论, 家庭生命周期理论, 贫困地区, 安徽省金寨县

Abstract:

Exploring the paths of influence of farmers’ homestead exiting behavior in poor areas has important theoretical and practical significance for implementing the homestead withdrawal policy. Based on the planned behavior theory and the survey data of 333 farming households in Jinzhai County of Anhui Province the only poor county in the pilot counties of China’s rural homestead reform program, a structural equation model was used to explore the paths of influence of homestead exiting behavior of farmers from the perspective of family life cycle. Differences in the paths of influence of different types of families were also compared and analyzed. The results show that the homestead exiting behavior of rural households in poor areas basically follows the theory of planned behavior, and the influence paths include “behavior attitude → willingness to withdraw → withdrawal behavior” and “subjective norms → willingness to withdraw → withdrawal behavior”. Subjective norms are the dominant factor, followed by behavior attitude, and the willingness of rural households to withdraw from homesteads significantly positively affects their withdrawal behavior. Different types of family homesteads have different influence paths for the withdrawal behavior. The influence paths of families with high demand for support and elderly-care families are “behavior attitude → withdrawal willingness → withdrawal behavior” and “subjective norms → withdrawal willingness → withdrawal behavior”. The influence path of child-raising families is “subjective norms → withdrawal willingness → withdrawing behavior”, and the influence of subjective norms on the child-raising families is stronger than that of elderly-care families and families with high demand for support. This article further put forward some recommendations: implementing different incentive policies for farmers’ homestead withdraw for different types of families, effective use of rural social relations and social networks, improving supporting policies after homestead withdraw, strict implementation of information disclosure and timely payment systems for homestead withdrawal compensation funds, and so on.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, the influence path, planned behavior theory, family life cycle, poor areas, Jinzhai County of Anhui Province