资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1375-1386.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.08

• 宅基地产权与退出机制 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村宅基地“三权分置”的制度逻辑及使用权资本化路径

王成1,2(), 徐爽1,2   

  1. 1.西南大学地理科学学院乡村人居环境研究实验室,重庆 400715
    2.西南山地循环农业国家级培育基地,重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-06 修回日期:2021-04-28 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 作者简介:王成,男,重庆荣昌人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事土地利用与乡村发展、乡村人居环境研究。E-mail: wchorange@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(19BGL182);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(SWU1909030)

Institutional arrangement of “Three Rights Separation” of rural homestead and the capitalization path of use right

WANG Cheng1,2(), XU Shuang1,2   

  1. 1. The Laboratory of Research on Rural Human Settlements, School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
    2. National Cultivation Base of Southwest Mountain Circular Agriculture, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2021-04-06 Revised:2021-04-28 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

“三权分置”制度改革打破旧有宅基地制度壁垒,并与乡村振兴、新型城镇化战略互为起承,放活宅基地使用权有助于盘活乡村沉睡资产;在“三权分置”制度逻辑下实现宅基地使用权资本化是加速建立城乡统一建设用地市场、全面提升乡村聚落功能和实现乡村多元主体利益共享的重要手段。本文运用时间序列法梳理了宅基地改革阶段与产权细分过程,明晰宅基地属性外延,分析宅基地资源资产化与资产资本化的内在机制;从宅基地“三权分置”制度的缘起和内涵解析、制度的外部环境、制度的多元主体和制度的绩效4个维度,解构农村宅基地“三权分置”制度逻辑;梳理“三权分置”制度下宅基地使用权资本化的选择逻辑和现实困境,提出了宅基地使用权的资本化路径。宅基地使用权的资本化需要匹配不同地域乡村的不同发展阶段,才能真正提升农村社会经济效益与发展活力。

关键词: “三权分置”, 多元主体, 制度逻辑, 使用权资本化路径, 乡村振兴

Abstract:

The institutional reform of “Three Rights Separation” breaks down the barriers of the old homestead system, synergizes with the strategies of rural revitalization and new urbanization, and makes the right to use homestead flexible, which helps to revitalize the unused assets of rural areas. Under the institutional arrangement of the separation of three rights, capitalization of rural residential land use right is an important means to accelerate the establishment of unified urban and rural construction land market, comprehensively enhance the function of rural settlements, and realize the benefit sharing of rural multiple subjects. With the help of the time series method, this study examined the stage of homestead reform and the subdivision process of property rights, explored the extension of homestead attributes, and deconstructed the internal mechanism of homestead from the perspectives of resource capitalization and asset capitalization. This study analyzed the institutional arrangement of the separation of three rights of rural residential land in four dimensions: the origin and connotation, external environment, multiple subjects, and performance of the system; examined the choice and practical dilemma of the capitalization of the right to use rural residential land under the separation of three rights system, and put forward the capitalization path of the right to use rural residential land. The capitalization of rural residential land use right needs to match the different stages of rural development in different regions, in order to truly enhance the social and economic benefits and development vitality of rural areas.

Key words: Three Rights Separation, multiple subjects, institutional arrangement, capitalization path of use right, rural revitalization