资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1348-1360.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.06

• 宅基地退出模式与政策工具 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源“反哺”与制度安排对知识移民有偿继承宅基地意愿的影响

刘玲1,2(), 许润1(), 高星汉1   

  1. 1.海南大学管理学院,海口 570228
    2.海南省公司治理研究院,海口 570228
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23 修回日期:2020-09-16 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 许润,男,湖南岳阳人,硕士生,研究方向为农业管理。E-mail: 752399132@qq.com
  • 作者简介:刘玲,女,湖南湘潭人,副教授,研究方向为土地经济、土地管理。E-mail: liuling716@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(19BGL217)

The impact of feeding resources back and institutional arrangements on the willingness of intellectual immigrants to pay for the inheritance of homesteads

LIU Ling1,2(), XU Run1(), GAO Xinghan1   

  1. 1. School of Management, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
    2. Hainan Institute of Corporate Governance, Haikou 570228, China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Revised:2020-09-16 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

探索知识移民宅基地有偿继承意愿,对破解农村宅基地长期闲置困境、推动宅基地制度改革具有一定意义。基于发达地区与欠发达地区6省市的612个知识移民样本数据,运用统计分析与多项无序Logistic回归模型对知识移民的宅基地有偿继承意愿及影响因素进行探讨。结果表明:①知识移民的年龄、性别、城镇户籍、居住时间、宅基地继承权利认知会正向影响宅基地有偿继承意愿,目前工作地点对宅基地有偿继承意愿有负向影响;②资源禀赋中,较好的个人资源禀赋和较差的家庭资源禀赋都会降低知识移民的宅基地有偿继承意愿,而优越的自然资源禀赋能显著增强宅基地有偿继承意愿;③制度安排中,合理的有偿继承费用会增加知识移民有偿继承意愿,无偿退出政策会刺激知识移民接受宅基地的有偿继承,有偿退出政策则会降低有偿继承意愿;④资源“反哺”行为中,知识移民直接的货币投入和适当的社交投入能增强其有偿继承意愿。基于此,提出吸引知识移民资源“反哺”、合理制定有偿继承价格等政策建议。

关键词: 知识移民, 资源“反哺”, 宅基地有偿继承, 资源禀赋, 制度安排

Abstract:

It is of great significance to explore the willingness of intellectual immigrants to pay for the inheritance of homesteads for solving the predicament of long-term disuse of rural homesteads and promoting the reform of homestead system. Based on a survey of 612 intellectual immigrants from 6 provinces and cities in developed and underdeveloped regions, this study analyzed the willingness of intellectual immigrants to pay for the inheritance of homesteads and its influencing factors by employing statistical analysis and a disordered multi-class logistic regression model. The results show that: (1) Intellectual immigrants’ age, gender, urban household registration, residence time, and homestead inheritance rights cognition positively affect their willingness to inherit the homesteads, and the current work location has a negative impact on the willingness to inherit the homesteads; (2) In terms of resource endowment, a better personal resource endowment and a poor family resource endowment reduce the willingness to pay for homestead inheritance of intellectual immigrants, while the better the natural resource endowment, the stronger the willingness to pay for homestead inheritance; (3) In terms of the institutional arrangement, reasonable paid inheritance costs increase the willingness of intellectual immigrants to pay for inheritance, a free of compensation exiting policy will stimulate intellectual immigrants to accept paid inheritance of homesteads, and a paid exiting policy will reduce their willingness to pay for inheritance; (4) The willingness to pay for inheritance also can be enhanced by the feeding resources back behavior of intellectual immigrants, such as through direct currency input and appropriate social support. Therefore, a policy recommendation is made that the government should attract intellectual immigrants to feed resources back and reasonably set prices for compensated use or inheritance.

Key words: intellectual immigrants, feeding resources back, paid inheritance of homesteads, resource endowment, institutional arrangements