资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1335-1347.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.05

• 宅基地退出模式与政策工具 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于TAM-PR的农户宅基地退出决策影响因素——以重庆市为例

王兆林1,2(), 王敏2   

  1. 1.重庆工商大学公共管理学院,重庆 400067
    2.重庆工商大学长江上游经济研究中心,重庆 400067
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-06-25 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 作者简介:王兆林,男,山东沂南人,博士,教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为宅地基利用管理。E-mail: wzhaolin@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(20BJY120)

Influencing factors of farmers’ homestead withdrawal decision based on the technology acceptance model and perceived risk:Evidence from Chongqing

WANG Zhaolin1,2(), WANG Min2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
    2. Research Center for Economy of Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River of Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-06-25 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

宅基地退出是解决当前宅基地低效利用问题的重要抓手,是乡村振兴和乡村建设的重要组成部分。本文基于技术接受模型和感知价值理论,利用重庆市503份农户问卷数据,借助结构方程模型(SEM)揭示农户宅基地退出决策机制。结果表明:①技术接受模型(TAM)整合感知风险(PR)的研究模型适用于农户宅基地退出决策的影响机制研究。农户退地决策主要受感知有用性、感知易用性的正向影响和感知风险的负向影响;②影响农户退出宅基地行为决策各因素中,感知有用性的影响最强,感知易用性次之,感知风险最弱,其影响路径系数分别为0.35、0.29和-0.18;③社会环境、家庭环境及宅基地环境通过影响农户感知有用性、感知易用性和感知风险间接影响农户的退出行为决策,是推进宅基地政策有效实施过程中不可忽视的重要因素。基于此,宅基地退出补偿政策的制定应契合农户的生产生活实际,体现易用性和可操作性;同时还应完善相关社会保障措施,并确保退地补偿按时到位。

关键词: 宅基地退出, 影响因素, 技术接受模型, 感知风险, 结构方程模型, 重庆市

Abstract:

Homestead withdrawal is an important method to solve the problem of inefficient use of rural homesteads, and it is an important part of rural revitalization and rural development. Based on the technology acceptance model and the theory of perceived values, this study used the data of 503 farming households from a questionnaire survey in Chongqing Municipality to reveal the decision-making mechanism of farmers’ homestead withdrawal by means of a structural equation model (SEM). The results show that: (1) The research method of technology acceptance model (TAM) integrating perceived risk (PR) is suitable for the study of the mechanism of influence of farmers’ homestead withdrawal decision making. The decision making of farmers’ homestead withdrawal is mainly affected by the positive influence of perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use and the negative influence of perceived risk; (2) Among the factors affecting farmers’ behavior of exiting from their homesteads, perceived usefulness has the strongest impact, followed by perceived ease of use, and perceived risk has the weakest effect. The impact path coefficients are 0.35, 0.29, and -0.18, respectively; (3) Social environment, family environment, and homestead environment indirectly influence farmers’ homestead withdrawal decisions by affecting their perceived usefulness, ease of use, and risk. They are important factors that cannot be ignored in the process of promoting the effective implementation of homestead system reform. The formulation of compensation policy should be in keeping with the actual production and life of farmers, reflecting ease of use and operability, and should improve the relevant social security measures and ensure that the compensation for homestead withdrawal is paid timely.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, influencing factors, technology acceptance model, perceived risk, structural equation model, Chongqing Municipality