资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1277-1292.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.01

• 宅基地退出研究热点 • 上一篇    下一篇

宅基地退出与再利用研究热点与展望

张佰林1(), 张凤荣2(), 曲衍波3, 姜广辉4, 谢臻5, 蔡为民1   

  1. 1.天津工业大学环境科学与工程学院,天津 300387
    2.中国农业大学土地科学与技术学院,北京 100193
    3.山东财经大学公共管理学院,济南 250014
    4.北京师范大学地理科学学部自然资源学院,北京100875
    5.福建农林大学公共管理学院,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-21 修回日期:2021-07-10 出版日期:2021-07-25 发布日期:2021-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 张凤荣,男,河北沧州人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事土地持续利用评价研究。E-mail: frzhang@cau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张佰林,男,山东沂水人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为农村居民点评价与规划、农村发展与土地利用转型。E-mail: zhangbailin135@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41801193);国家自然科学基金项目(42077434);国家自然科学基金项目(42071249);天津市农业农村调查研究项目(TJNN2020005)

Research hotspots and prospects of homestead withdrawal and reuse

ZHANG Bailin1(), ZHANG Fengrong2(), QU Yanbo3, JIANG Guanghui4, XIE Zhen5, CAI Weimin1   

  1. 1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
    4. School of Natural Resources, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    5. School of Public Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2021-04-21 Revised:2021-07-10 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27

摘要:

探索宅基地所有权、资格权、使用权“三权分置”,促进闲置宅基地退出与再利用是新时代农村宅基地制度改革的重要任务。本文运用Citespace工具和文献归纳法,系统梳理宅基地退出与再利用研究热点及发展脉络并剖析未来研究的重点领域。结果表明:①伴随农村人口转移和村庄空心化,农户宅基地退出意愿与行为研究成为热点,并逐步转向对两者关系及退出满意度的分析;退出机制与模式是宅基地退出研究的核心,当前研究构建了宅基地退出激励机制、约束机制、收益分配机制和保障机制,提炼了典型地区宅基地退出模式及其特征与成效;宅基地有偿退出及退地农户的生计与发展逐渐成为研究的重点。②退出宅基地的再利用是“三权分置”下宅基地制度改革的另一重点研究内容,集中在宅基地再利用方式、模式与途径。其中,再利用方式集中在复耕、复绿及流转后用于产业发展或居住;再利用模式可分为开发模式与组织模式;再利用途径包括指标交易、出租、入股和联合经营等。未来应以服务乡村振兴为目标,聚焦退出宅基地的价值评估、盘活利用模式及再利用效益评价等方面,推进宅基地“三权分置”改革,关注退地农户生计可持续性与农村社会稳定,为完善宅基地退出与再利用政策体系,推动宅基地制度改革的顺利推进提供支持。

关键词: 宅基地退出, 宅基地再利用, 宅基地制度改革, 三权分置, 热点与展望

Abstract:

Exploring the separation of ownership, qualification right, and use right of homestead and promoting the withdrawal and reuse of idle homesteads is an important task for land system reform. In this study, CiteSpace and document analysis method were used for the bibliometric analysis to identify hotspots of homestead withdrawal and reuse research and analyze its progress. The results show that: (1) With the transfer of rural population to urban areas and village hollowing, the willingness and behavior of farmers’ homestead withdrawal became a hot research topic, and relevant studies gradually focus on the relationship between them and satisfaction of farmers in the process; the mechanism and models of withdrawal are the core of homestead withdrawal research. In existing research scholars have constructed the incentive and constraint mechanism of homestead withdrawal and income distribution and guarantee mechanism, and extracted and analyzed the homestead withdrawal models and their applicability in typical areas; the compensation of homestead withdrawal and farmers’ interest after withdrawal have also become the focus of research. (2) Under the background of “Separation of Three Rights”, research on the reuse of homesteads after withdrawal became the key and hotspots of reform of the homestead system, which focuses on the ways of reuse, models, and approaches. The ways of homestead reuse focus on reclamation for farmland and green land, and transfer to other farmers for the same use or as land for new industries and commercial activities; the models of homestead reuse can be divided into development model and organization mode; the approaches of homestead reuse include trading, leasing, equity, and joint operation. (3) In the future, the research of homestead withdrawal and reuse should aim at rural revitalization, focusing on homestead value evaluation, models of reuse, and benefits of reuse, promoting the reform of rural homestead “Separation of Rights”. Future research should also focus on sustainable livelihoods of farmers and rural social sustainability to improve the homestead withdrawal and reuse policy system, and promote land system reform.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, homestead reuse, reform of the homestead system, Separation of Three Rights, hotspots and prospects