资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1115-1127.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.06.05

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

农地确权对农机社会化服务的影响——来自黄淮海农区的经验证据

黄斌1(), 高强2()   

  1. 1.中国人民大学农业与农村发展学院,北京 100872
    2.南京林业大学经济管理学院,南京 210037
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-22 修回日期:2020-07-27 出版日期:2021-06-25 发布日期:2021-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 高强,男,河北邢台人,副院长,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为农村政策研究。E-mail: gaoqiang@njfu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:黄斌,男,广东惠州人,博士研究生,主要研究方向为农业政策分析、农村合作经济。E-mail: 2017103013@ruc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71703077);国家自然科学基金项目(71773134);中国人民大学2020年度拔尖创新人才培育资助计划项目

The impact of agricultural land rights confirmation on agricultural machinery service adoption:Evidence from the North China Plain

HUANG Bin1(), GAO Qiang2()   

  1. 1. School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
  • Received:2020-04-22 Revised:2020-07-27 Online:2021-06-25 Published:2021-08-25

摘要:

农机社会化服务是实现小农户和现代农业发展有机衔接的重要支撑。本文采用工具变量法对黄淮海农区6省20县(市、区)807户农户调查数据进行实证分析,以粮食作物为例,从服务规模与服务选择(农机社会化服务面积占农机作业面积的比例)两个维度分析农地确权对农机社会化服务的影响。研究发现:①农地确权能够提升农机社会化服务规模,农户在农地确权后接受农机社会化服务的总面积得到显著提升;②农地确权未能对农机社会化服务选择产生显著影响,农户在农地确权后并未对农机社会化服务表现出显著的选择转换偏向。造成这一结果的原因是规模异质性的存在,“增量”作用显著偏向于种植规模较大的农户。根据上述研究结果,本文提出如下政策建议:现阶段应继续完善农地确权工作,加快推进农村集体产权制度改革;健全面向小农户的农业社会化服务体系,加大服务小农户的政策支持力度;完善土地流转相关法规和实施细则,推动农业社会化服务体系与土地流转体系协同联动,促进小农户农地利用效率提升路径多元化。本文不仅弥补了已有研究存在的不足,对于拓宽农地确权政策效应视野以及完善农机社会化服务体系也具有一定意义。

关键词: 农地确权, 农机社会化服务, 服务规模, 服务选择, 工具变量, 黄淮海农区

Abstract:

Agricultural machinery services are an important support to realize the organic connection between small farmers and modern agricultural development. This study used an instrumental variable (IV) model to empirically analyze the survey data of 807 households in 20 counties of 6 provinces on the North China Plain to explore the impact of agricultural land rights confirmation on agricultural machinery service adoption from the perspective of service scale and service choice (that is, proportion of agricultural machinery service adoption area in agricultural machinery operating area). The results show that: Agricultural land rights confirmation can improve the scale of agricultural machinery service adoption, and the total area of farmers receiving agricultural machinery services after agricultural land rights confirmation has significantly increased. Agricultural land rights confirmation had no significant impact on agricultural machinery service choice, and farmers did not show a significant choice preference for agricultural machinery services after agricultural land rights confirmation. The reason for this result is the existence of scale heterogeneity, and the incremental effect is significantly inclined towards farmers with larger planting scales. According to these results, we provide several policy recommendations: (1) At the current stage, it is necessary to continue to promote agricultural land rights confirmation and accelerate the reform of the rural collective property rights system. (2) It is necessary to improve the agricultural service system for small farmers, and increase the policy support for small farmers. (3) It is necessary to improve the laws and regulations and detailed rules of implementation for land transfer, promote the adaptation of the agricultural service system to the land transfer system, and broaden the ways of improving agricultural land use efficiency by small farmers. This study not only fills the gap of the existing research, but also has important significance for broadening the views about the effect of the policy of agricultural land rights confirmation and improving the agricultural machinery service system.

Key words: agricultural land rights confirmation, agricultural machinery service, service scale, service choice, instrumental variable, North China Plain