资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 898-908.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.05.04

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

沿海城市经济增长目标约束对近海污染的影响

沈伟腾1(), 胡求光1,2(), 余璇1   

  1. 1.宁波大学商学院,宁波 315211
    2.宁波大学东海研究院, 宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-18 修回日期:2020-11-01 出版日期:2021-05-25 发布日期:2021-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 胡求光,女,浙江东阳人,博士,教授,研究方向为海洋环境治理。E-mail: huqiuguang@nbu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:沈伟腾,男,浙江嘉兴人,博士研究生,研究方向为海洋环境治理。E-mail: swtlzq@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省社会科学规划重大项目(19XXJC02ZD);国家自然科学基金项目(71874092);国家社会科学基金重点项目(19AZD004)

Impact of coastal city economic growth target on offshore pollution

SHEN Weiteng1(), HU Qiuguang1,2(), YU Xuan1   

  1. 1. Business School, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
    2. DongHai Institute, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2020-08-18 Revised:2020-11-01 Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-07-25

摘要:

理解沿海地方政府经济发展行为对于近海环境治理具有重要意义。本文采用2004—2017年中国48个沿海城市近海污染物浓度以及经济增长目标约束数据,考察沿海城市经济增长目标约束对近海污染的影响,并在此基础上利用财政压力和晋升激励数据,检验了经济增长目标约束对近海污染的异质性影响。结果表明:相比未采用任何约束,施加经济增长目标硬约束会导致无机氮浓度提高约0.020 mg/L,占无机氮浓度均值的比重约为7.17%。由沿海省级到市级经济增长目标的逐级加码幅度每提高1%,近海无机氮浓度将提高约0.007 mg/L,占无机氮浓度均值的比重约为2.51%。上述结果表明,沿海城市经济增长目标硬约束和逐级加码均会加剧近海污染。经济增长目标约束对近海污染的影响会因财政压力以及官员晋升激励的差异而有所不同,在面临高财政压力以及主政官员具有高晋升激励的沿海城市,经济增长目标硬约束以及逐级加码对近海环境的不利影响更为显著。

关键词: 经济增长目标约束, 逐级加码, 近海污染, 财政压力, 晋升激励

Abstract:

Understanding the economic development behavior of coastal local governments is of great significance for coastal environmental governance. This study used the data on the concentration of offshore pollutants and economic growth target constraints in 48 coastal cities of China from 2004 to 2017 to test the impact of economic growth target on offshore pollution. The heterogeneous impact of economic growth target on offshore pollution was also tested based on financial pressure and promotion incentive data. The results show that compared with no constraints, imposing hard constraints of economic growth targets increases the concentration of inorganic nitrogen by about 0.020 mg/L, accounting for 7.17% of the average concentration of inorganic nitrogen. For every increase of 1% of the top-down amplification in the economic growth target from the coastal provincial level to the municipal level, the offshore inorganic nitrogen concentration increased by about 0.007 mg/L, accounting for 2.51% of the average inorganic nitrogen concentration. The above results show that hard constraints and top-down amplification in the economic growth targets of coastal cities aggravated offshore pollution. The impact of economic growth target on coastal pollution varied due to financial pressures and differences in promotion incentives for officials. In coastal cities facing high financial pressures and where officials have high promotion incentives, hard constraints of economic growth targets and top-down amplification had more significant adverse effects on the offshore environment.

Key words: economic growth target constraints, top-down amplification, offshore pollution, financial pressure, promotion incentives