资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 241-255.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.02.04

• 海南自由贸易港专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

粤琼区域协同与海南自由贸易港建设

李国平(), 徐祯   

  1. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-27 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:李国平,男,黑龙江人,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向为经济地理学、城市与区域规划。E-mail: lgp@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    研究阐释党的十九届四中全会精神国家社会科学基金重大项目(20ZDA040)

Regional coordination between Guangdong and Hainan and the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port

LI Guoping(), XU Zhen   

  1. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-11-27 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25

摘要:

粤琼区域协同是充分利用国内资源尤其是广东省资源,实现海南自由贸易港建设这一国家战略的重大举措。本文首先构建引力熵模型对粤琼两地综合发展水平及城市间引力强度进行了整体评估,然后分别从粤琼两地产业分工与合作、创新联系以及要素市场一体化三方面探究了粤琼区域协同发展水平。研究表明:①2013—2018年粤琼两地综合发展水平稳步提升,海南省与广东省综合发展水平有一定差距,粤琼城市之间的引力强度不高;②在产业协同方面,广东省与海南省的制造业结构差异明显,服务业同构化水平较高;③在创新联系方面,广东省对海南省的创新溢出水平过低;④广东省与海南省要素市场一体化水平较低。本文基于对粤琼区域协同发展的现状与问题分析,提出若干对策建议,以助推海南自由贸易港的建设。

关键词: 海南自由贸易港, 粤琼区域协同, 产业分工与合作, 创新联系, 要素市场一体化

Abstract:

Regional coordination between Guangdong and Hainan Provinces, is an important measure to make full use of domestic resources, especially the resources of Guangdong Province, in the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port, a national strategy of China. This paper first constructed a gravity entropy model to evaluate the comprehensive development level of Guangdong and Hainan and the gravity intensity between cities, and then explored the regional coordination level of Guangdong and Hainan from the perspective of industrial division, innovation connection, and factor market integration. The results show that, from 2013 to 2018, the comprehensive development level of Guangdong and Hainan steadily improved, while there is a certain gap between the two provinces. The gravity intensity between Guangdong and Hainan is at a low level. In terms of industrial synergy, the manufacturing structure of the two provinces is obviously different, while the service industry has a similar structure. The innovation spillover from Guangdong to Hainan is also in a low level. In the aspect of factor market integration, the two provinces have relatively low integration level of factor market. Based on the analysis of the current situation and problems of coordination between the two provinces, this article put forward some countermeasures and suggestions for the construction of regional cooperation and economic integration between Guangdong and Hainan, to promote the development of the Hainan Free Trade Port project.

Key words: Hainan Free Trade Port, regional coordination between Guangdong and Hainan, industrial coordination, innovation connection, factor market integration