资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 229-240.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.02.03

• 海南自由贸易港专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

资源禀赋、经济基础与海南自由贸易港建设

程叶青1,2(), 张金萍1,2, 陈妍1,2()   

  1. 1.海南师范大学地理与环境科学学院,海口 571158
    2.海南省地表过程与环境变化重点实验室,海口 571158
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-02 修回日期:2021-02-17 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈妍
  • 作者简介:程叶青,男,湖南武冈人,教授,主要从事资源经济与区域规划研究。E-mail: 34794249@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    海南省自然科学基金高层次人才项目(2019RC178);海南省自然科学基金项目(418MS052);国家自然科学基金项目(41661028)

Resource endowment, economic foundation, and the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port

CHENG Yeqing1,2(), ZHANG Jinping1,2, CHEN Yan1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
    2. Hainan Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Environmental Change, Haikou 571158, China
  • Received:2021-01-02 Revised:2021-02-17 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25
  • Contact: CHEN Yan

摘要:

海南自由贸易港建设是中国改革开放的重大举措和党中央科学谋划的重大战略决策,对于中国深化改革创新、建立高水平开放型经济新体制和现代化经济体系、支持经济全球化和构建人类命运共同体具有重大意义。基于《海南自由贸易港建设总体方案》的政策解读和理论逻辑分析,探讨海南自由贸易港资源禀赋和经济发展面临的突出问题,探寻应对区域变革、资源约束、经济全球化挑战和面向自由贸易港建设总体目标及实践需求的资源优化配置与经济转型路径,为促进海南自由贸易港建设提供科学依据和实践参考。研究认为:①海南区位条件优越,自然资源丰富,为自由贸易港建设提供资源基础,但面临地理“邻近效应”欠佳、资源利用不合理和高端人才资源短缺等约束。②海南建省办特区以来经济持续增长,产业结构不断优化,产业专业化水平提升,重点产业支撑能力增强,但经济增长质量不高、产业专业化程度偏低和新兴产业支撑乏力等问题突出。③应正视海南地理区位、资源短板和经济增长质量,加强交通基础设施建设和经贸合作,优化资源配置,加快产业转型升级,以提升地理区位优势、资源保障能力和产业竞争力,有效推进现代产业体系构建和高水平自由贸易港建设。

关键词: 资源禀赋, 区位熵, 资源配置, 经济转型, 海南自由贸易港

Abstract:

The construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port is a momentous measure of China’s reform and opening up and a major strategic decision scientifically planned by The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, which has great significance for China’s in-depth reform and innovation, establishing a new high-level open and modern economic system, supporting economic globalization, and building a community with a shared future for mankind. Facing the overall goals and practical needs of the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port, and from the perspective of comprehensive geographical research based on the policy interpretation and theoretical analysis of the overall plan of the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port, this study analyzed the resource endowment, economic foundation, industrial transformation, and the existing problems in the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port, and discussed the optimal allocation of resources and economic transformation path in response to regional changes, resource constraints, and economic globalization, aiming at providing a scientific basis and practical reference for promoting the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port. The study concluded that: (1) Hainan has superior geographical conditions and abundant natural resources, which can provide resource support for the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port, but it faces a number of resource constraints such as poor geographic proximity to major economic centers, insufficient reserve land resources, and shortage of high-end human resources. (2) Since the establishment of Hainan Province and the special economic zone, the economic scale of the region has continued to grow, the industrial structure has been continuously optimized, the level of industrial specialization has been improved, and the supporting capabilities of key industries have been enhanced, but there still exist outstanding problems such as relatively poor quality of economic growth, weak advantages of dominant industries, low degree of industrial specialization, and suboptimal industrial spatial layout. (3) We should pay more attention to the limitation of geographical location, shortcomings of resource and quality of economic growth of Hainan, and strengthen the construction of transport infrastructure and economic cooperation with the Chinese hinterland and the international market, optimize the allocation of natural and social resources, accelerate economic transformation and industrial upgrading, and promote its economic location advantages, resource guarantee capabilities, and economic quality and competitiveness, so as to promote the institutional reform and innovation, the construction of modern industrial systems, and the construction process of the Hainan Free Trade Port effectively and achieve the development goal of a high-level free trade port.

Key words: resource endowment, location quotient, resource allocation, economic transformation, Hainan Free Trade Port