资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 217-228.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.02.02

• 海南自由贸易港专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

国际经验对海南自由贸易港规划建设的启示

孟广文1,2,3()   

  1. 1.天津师范大学欧洲文明研究院,天津 300387
    2.天津师范大学地理与环境科学学院,天津 300387
    3.天津师范大学自由经济区研究所,天津 300387
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-11 修回日期:2021-01-13 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:孟广文,男,天津人,教授,研究方向为自由经济区、空间规划与政策、德国人文—经济地理。E-mail: gwmeng98@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971161);国家自然科学基金项目(41701133);天津师范大学跨学科交叉融合创新团队项目(135205RH08);天津社科规划课题智库一般项目(TJZK17-11)

Implications of international experiences for the planning and development of Hainan Free Trade Port

MENG Guangwen1,2,3()   

  1. 1. Institute of European Civilization, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. College of Geography and Environment Science, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    3. Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
  • Received:2020-12-11 Revised:2021-01-13 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25

摘要:

海南自由贸易港规划建设不仅是海南自身发展的需要,也是中国深化改革、扩大开放、实现经济转型及应对国际竞争与挑战的重要战略举措。本文在总结与归纳自由贸易区的含义、类型以及发展经验的基础上,对海南自由贸易港建设的基础与条件、功能与作用、属性与类型、产业选择、空间结构、监管模式、政策法规、营商环境以及风险防控等方面作了系统分析与探讨。海南自由贸易港应成为双循环发展战略、区域全面经济伙伴关系(RCEP)和中欧投资协定(CAI)先行试验区,成为复合综合型自贸区;应以航运物流和国际贸易、旅游与服务贸易为主导,以研发制造与现代农业为辅,多业态组合;以主岛为主,离岛为辅,以各类园区为建设重点;在全岛单独关税区管理基础上,实施“港中有区”镶嵌式管理模式;加快“海南自由贸易港基本法”立法,实施货物、投资、资本、人员、信息便利自由化流动与低税收政策,简化法规形式与内容;逐步完善人居环境,提升综合交通水平;防止经济与政治风险,建立海防中心与非法滞留人员遣返中心;限制国土与岸线开发强度、人口规模与密度,实现可持续发展。本文对完善自由贸易区学术研究与海南自由贸易港规划建设具有理论与实践意义。

关键词: 自由港, 经济特区, 自由贸易区, 自由贸易试验区, 海南自由贸易港

Abstract:

The planning and development of Hainan pilot free trade zone and Free Trade Port is not only out of the needs of Hainan’s development, but also an important measure and a strategic step for China to deepen reforms, expand opening up, achieve economic transformation, and respond to international competitions and challenges. The current research focuses on the theoretical basis, planning sce-narios, management mode, legal issues, and value and effect of Hainan free trade zone and domestic and international cases, but there is a lack of systematic and in-depth research on the planning and development of Hainan Free Trade Port. This study examined the types and functions, industrial development, spatial structure, policy and supervision, business environment, and risk prevention of Hainan Free Trade Port in an attempt to spur further debates among the policymakers and aca-demic community. Hainan Free Trade Port should become a pilot zone of the “double circulation” strategy, Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), and China-EU Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI), a complex and comprehensive free trade zone, which should take shipping logistics and international trade, and tourism and service trade as leading sectors, and research and development, manufacturing, and modern agriculture as auxiliary sectors. It should take the main island as the key platform, the outlying islands as the auxiliary, and various types of parks as the focus of development. On the basis of the management of the island’s customs zone, it should implement the management mode of “zones in free trade port”, and speed up the legislation of the Basic Law of Hainan Free Trade Port, which should be enacted to facilitate the free flow of goods, investments, capital, personnel, and information, and implement low tax policies, simplify the form and content of laws and regulations. In order to achieve sustainable development, Hainan should gradually improve the living environment and enhance the comprehensive transportation level, prevent economic and political risks, establish a coastal defense center and an illegal immigrant deporting center, and limit the development intensity of land and coastal zone and population size and density. This study has both theoretical and practical significance for enriching the academic research on free trade zones and the planning and development of Hainan Free Trade Port.

Key words: free port, special economic zone, free trade zone, pilot free trade zone, Hainan Free Trade Port