资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 209-216.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.02.01

• 海南自由贸易港专栏 •    下一篇

政治地理学视角下的海南自由贸易港发展解读

刘云刚1(), 刘玄宇2   

  1. 1.华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2.中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-08 修回日期:2021-01-13 出版日期:2021-02-25 发布日期:2021-04-25
  • 作者简介:刘云刚,男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为政治地理学、城市地理学、生活空间论。E-mail: ygliu@scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071187);国家自然科学基金项目(41571130)

Perspective on the development of Hainan Free Trade Zone (Port) from a political geography approach

LIU Yungang1(), LIU Xuanyu2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-12-08 Revised:2021-01-13 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25

摘要:

当前国内外态势正在发生深刻变化,中国需要积极主动地参与经济全球化进程,推动更高层次的开放型经济。本文基于政治地理学视角,分析在此背景下的海南自贸港建设涵义和发展前景。海南自贸港的政策实践背后,有其海岛区位的地理必然性,也有环南海地区地缘政治经济共同作用的背景因素。在全球层面,海南自贸港是中国构建“一带一路”的战略支点,凸显了中国参与全球地缘政治经济的战略;在国家层面,海南自贸港是国家分级主权的海岛实践,是中国主动实施国家再尺度化的发展策略;在地方层面,海南自贸港建设是优化海南岛屿开发空间治理的手段,也是协调海南主岛与三沙离岛之间关系的调控对策。从政治地理学视角看,海南是岛屿经济体,也是岛屿地缘体,自贸港正是对海南岛屿区位条件的完整诠释。

关键词: 岛屿, 政治地理, 分级主权, 海南自贸港, 海南岛

Abstract:

The current situation in China and internationally is undergoing profound and complex changes, under which China needs to actively participate in and promote the process of economic globalization and the development of a higher level of open economy. Based on the political geography theories, this article discussed the theoretical basis of the establishment of a free trade port (FTP), used the concept of island to explore the geographical nature, situation, and extension of the construction of the Hainan FTP, and gave a preliminary consideration to the development prospect of the Hainan FTP. The research results show that the Hainan FTP has three goals and strategies: economic integration, regional influence, and global geopolitical competition, and its development processes reflect the integration of geopolitics and geostrategy. The Hainan FTP is a new development in the economic field of hierarchical sovereign management policies, as well as a conscious and proactive national re-scaling spatial development strategy in China, which has the dual processes of removing/reexpanding sideways. At the local level, the construction of the free trade port is an opportunity for Hainan Province to realize the spatial governance of urban areas in the future. At the national level, the Hainan FTP is an important strategic fulcrum for China to implement the “Belt and Road” initiative. Finally, the importance of the concepts of scale and island meta-geography to the study of island economy is reiterated.

Key words: island, political geography, graduated sovereignty, Hainan Free Trade Port, Hainan Island