资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 197-208.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.16

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    

俄罗斯滑雪场空间格局及可达性

刘传瀛1(), 黄季夏1,2(), 王利2, 杨林生2, 葛全胜2   

  1. 1.北京林业大学教育部森林培育与保护重点实验室,北京 100083
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-27 修回日期:2020-09-21 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-25
  • 作者简介:刘传瀛,女,山东济南人,硕士研究生,主要从事空间数据分析研究。E-mail: lancerchuanying@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2017-4);中国科学院先导科技专项(XDA190705)

Spatial pattern and accessibility of Russian ski resorts

LIU Chuanying1(), HUANG Jixia1,2(), WANG Li2, YANG Linsheng2, GE Quansheng2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Forest Cultivation and Protection, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-05-27 Revised:2020-09-21 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25

摘要:

俄罗斯滑雪旅游产业的发展已相对成熟。旅游多元化发展与共建“冰上丝绸之路”的契机为中俄两国的冰雪旅游市场带来了巨大的发展潜力。本文运用空间分析方法量化并探究俄罗斯旅游滑雪场的空间分布特征,通过可达性指标评价滑雪场所的可接近测度。结果发现:①俄罗斯滑雪场整体上“西密东疏”,并且呈现出6大聚集区域的空间分布格局;②滑雪场在俄罗斯境内平均可达时间约为15 h,6 h以内的高可达性区域约占全国总面积的40%,可达性较好的区域多连片分布在东欧平原与西西伯利亚南部山地,且呈现向交通干线聚集分布的趋势;③以莫斯科为中心的联邦主体区位优势较好,冰雪旅游规模与实力最强;乌拉尔山脉东西侧联邦主体与滑雪场所联系紧密。本文通过归纳俄罗斯滑雪场数据空间分布规律及布局优劣,提出关键开发建议,为中国的冰雪旅游事业提供实践参考。

关键词: 滑雪场, 冰雪旅游, 滑雪资源, 空间格局, 可达性, 区位优势, 俄罗斯

Abstract:

The development of the Russian ski tourism industry has been relatively mature. Diversification of tourism and the opportunity to build the Polar Silk Road have brought great potential for the growth of the ice-snow tourism market in China and Russia. In this study, the spatial distribution characteristics of tourist ski resorts in Russia were quantified and examined with spatial analysis methods, which result in an index to evaluate the accessibility of ski resorts. There are three major findings. First, the ski resorts in Russia are dense in the west and sparse in the east, and their distribution is concentrated in six regions. Second, ski resorts in Russia can be reached within 15 hours on average. The areas of high accessibility, with travel time less than 6 hours, account for 40% of the total area of Russia. These regions with better accessibility are located in the mountainous areas of the East European Plain and the southern West Siberia, and tend to cluster along the main traffic lines. Finally, the federal districts surrounding Moscow have more geographical advantages with an ice-snow tourism industry of the largest scale and strength. Federations on both sides of the Ural Mountains have close relationship to the ski resorts. This article summarized the spatial distribution pattern as well as the advantages and disadvantages of Russia’s ski resorts with regard to their spatial layout. Key development recommendations were also put forward in this article to provide practical advices for China’s ice-snow tourism industry.

Key words: ski resorts, ice-snow tourism, ski tourism resources, spatial pattern, accessibility, potential location advantage, Russia