资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 171-184.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.14

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

乡村旅游征地对失地农户福祉的影响——基于PSM模型的检验

黄志刚(), 黎洁()   

  1. 西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院,西安 710049
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-21 修回日期:2020-12-26 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-25
  • 作者简介:黄志刚,男,河南新蔡人,博士生,研究方向为移民反贫困与新型城镇化。E-mail: hzhigang@stu.xjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(71573205);国家自然科学基金项目(71803149)

Influence of land acquisition for rural tourism on the well-being of landless farmers based on the empirical analysis of PSM model

HUANG Zhigang(), LI Jie()   

  1. School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
  • Received:2020-02-21 Revised:2020-12-26 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25

摘要:

建立在扶贫开发基础上的乡村旅游征地表现出规模小、强制性弱、兼具经营性和带动性的特点,这类征地是否会因此提高失地农户的福祉成为学界和政界关注的热点,需要从多维度对失地农户福祉进行分析。本文基于陕西安康、汉中、商洛、宝鸡4市9县22个旅游扶贫村调研获得的817份农户数据,首先采用熵值法对失地农户多维福祉进行测算,然后采用倾向得分匹配(PSM)模型测算乡村旅游征地对失地农户福祉的净效应。结果表明:①整体而言,乡村旅游征地实施后失地农户家庭总福祉及多维度福祉均有所提升,说明乡村旅游征地在创新安置补偿方式、推动失地农户生计转型、完善基础设施与公共服务等方面发挥出积极的作用,未来乡村旅游经营效益的提升是失地农户福祉持续改善的保证;②从户主年龄和受教育水平来看,户主为老年人和户主低教育水平家庭遭受的失地冲击相对较为明显,有针对性地开展就业培训以及完善社会保障政策对提升失地农户福祉具有重要作用;③从失地类型来看,虽然完全失地农户各维度福祉略高于部分失地农户,但仍需采取多种措施减少征地对失地农户造成的冲击,进而实现可持续发展的目标。总体而言,乡村旅游征并没有对失地农户的多维福祉造成冲击,但后续仍需要针对不同类型的失地农户采取多种措施减少征地带来的不利影响,才能实现可持续发展的目标。

关键词: 乡村旅游征地, 福祉, 失地农户, 熵值法, PSM模型, 陕西省

Abstract:

Land acquisition for rural tourism has implications for poverty alleviation and development, and shows the characteristics of small scale, weak enforcement, and having the dual benefits of business development and driving local economy. Whether this kind of land acquisition will improve the well-being of landless farmers has become a hot topic in academia and politics, which needs to be analyzed from a multidimensional perspective. Based on the data of 817 farming households from 22 pilot villages where pro-poor tourism were implemented, in nine counties of Ankang, Hanzhong, Shangluo, and Baoji Cities in Shaanxi Province, China, this study first estimated the well-being of landless farmers by entropy method, and then used the propensity score matching (PSM) model to measure the net effect of rural tourism land acquisition on the well-being of landless farmers, and finally put forward some policy recommendations. The results are as follows: First, on the whole the total well-being and multidimensional well-being of landless farming households have improved after the implementation of rural tourism land acquisition, which indicates that land acquisition for rural tourism played an active role in innovating resettlement compensation methods, promoting the livelihood transformation of landless farmers, and improving infrastructure and public services; Second, with regard to the age and education level of the head of household, elderly households and households with lower level of education were harder hit by the loss of land. It is very important for the government to carrying out job trainings and improve social security policies. Finally, from the perspective of land lost types, although the well-being of complete landless farmers is slightly higher in all dimensions than that of partial landless farmers, a variety of measures still need to be taken to reduce the impact of land acquisition on landless farmers, so as to achieve the goal of sustainable development. Overall, land acquisition for rural tourism does not hurt the well-being of landless farmers, but it still needs to take a variety of measures for different types of landless farmers to reduce the adverse effects of land acquisition in order to achieve the goal of sustainable development.

Key words: land acquisition for rural tourism, well-being, landless farmers, entropy method, propensity score matching (PSM) model, Shaanxi Province