资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 69-81.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.06

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

绿色农业产业集群形成机理的理论框架及实证分析——以山东寿光蔬菜产业集群为例

杨阳1,2(), 李二玲1()   

  1. 1.河南大学农业与农村可持续发展研究所/黄河中下游数字地理技术教育部重点实验室,开封 475000
    2.华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心/城市与区域科学学院,上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-02 修回日期:2020-12-30 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-25
  • 作者简介:杨阳,男,河南开封人,博士研究生,主要从事产业集聚与区域创新发展研究。E-mail: yytruth@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41971222);河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2019BJJ019);河南省高校科技创新团队支持计划资助(21IRTSTHN008)

A theoretical framework and empirical analysis of the formation mechanism of green agricultural industry cluster:A case study of the Shouguang vegetable industry cluster in Shandong Province

YANG Yang1,2(), LI Erling1()   

  1. 1. Institute of agriculture and rural sustainable development /Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
    2. The Center of Modern Chinese City Studies/School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2020-03-02 Revised:2020-12-30 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25

摘要:

当今世界农业发展呈现绿色化和集群化趋势。发展绿色农业产业集群是将二者结合实行农业高质量发展的有效途径。本文基于农业产业集群相关理论,构建了绿色农业产业集群形成机理的分析框架,并以中国典型绿色农业集群——山东寿光蔬菜产业集群为例,从绿色网络形成和组织视角出发,实证分析了绿色农业产业集群的形成过程和条件。研究发现:①微观主体层面,各类农业主体在绿色创新和环境规制作用下进行绿色化转型,形成了绿色生产性主体、绿色经营性主体、绿色服务性主体以及绿色规范性主体;②中观网络层面,绿色主体在知识溢出和专业化分工作用下进行结网互联,形成了绿色组织网络;③宏观环境层面,在制度创新和科技创新的推力,与环境规制的约束力以及支持性政策和中介服务的拉力作用下,形成了绿色发展环境;④绿色农业产业集群的形成机理是绿色创新和环境规制在价值链网络中的流动和协同,即规范性的绿色发展环境和标准化的农业生产技术促使集群内主体的绿色化转型,进而在外部经济效应下以绿色主体专业化分工组织出的绿色网络形成绿色农业产业集群。绿色农业产业集群的形成是集群内全产业链的绿色化,是绿色创新和环境规制对3个层面中每个环节、每个行为、每个主体的绿色化和协同。

关键词: 绿色农业产业集群, 机理, 理论框架, 寿光蔬菜产业集群

Abstract:

Global agricultural development shows the trend of greening and spatial concentration. Developing green agriculture industrial cluster is a natural way to combine green development and spatial aggregation. Based on the relevant theory of agriculture industrial cluster, this study constructed an analytical framework of the formation mechanism of green agriculture industrial clusters, and took a representative green agricultural cluster in China Shandong Shouguang Vegetable Industry Cluster as an example, to analyze the formation process and conditions of green agriculture industrial cluster from the perspective of green network formation and organization. The results show that: (1) At the level of micro subjects, various agricultural subjects undergo green transformation under the role of green innovation and environmental regulation, forming green production subjects, green management subjects, green service subjects and green regulatory subjects; (2) At the level of meso network, green subjects interconnect under the role of knowledge spillover and specialized division of labor, forming green organizational network; (3) At the level of macro environment, green development environment is formed under the thrust of institutional innovation and scientific and technological innovation, binding force of environmental regulation and the pull of supportive policies and intermediary services. (4) The formation mechanism of green agro-industrial clusters is the flow and synergy of green innovation and environmental regulation in the value chain network, i.e., the normative green development environment and standardized agricultural production technology prompt the green transformation of the subjects within the cluster, and then the green agro-industrial clusters are formed by the green network organized by the specialized division of labor of green subjects under the external economic effect. The formation of green agro-industrial cluster is the greening of the whole industry chain within the cluster, the greening and synergy of green innovation and environmental regulation for each link, each behavior and each subject in the three levels.

Key words: green agriculture industrial cluster, mechanism, theoretical framework, the vegetables cluster in Shouguang, Shandong Province