资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2406-2418.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.12.12

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

老龄化城市建成环境友好度评价——以台北市与新北市为例

杨灵(), 张效通()   

  1. 中国文化大学,台北11114
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-11 修回日期:2020-01-23 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 张效通
  • 作者简介:杨灵,女,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士生,研究方向为城市规划,城市设计,参数化城市设计等。E-mail: 761945017@qq.com

Aged city built environment friendliness:Taking Taipei and New Taipei Cities as examples

YANG Ling(), CHANG Hsiao-Tung()   

  1. Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, China
  • Received:2019-09-11 Revised:2020-01-23 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: CHANG Hsiao-Tung

摘要:

当今社会,人口老龄化及老龄化城市已成为世界范围所普遍关注的问题。通过梳理近年来老年友好城市相关理论与实践研究,本文提出了老龄化城市建成环境友好度的概念,在建立老龄化城市建成环境友好度指标体系的基础上,创新性地提出了一种在城市大范围内、以实际客观数据为基础、以老年人口分布特征为导向的老龄化城市建成环境友好度多元量化评价方法,并以台湾省老龄化城市——台北市与新北市为例进行评价。通过评价结果,可看出友好度最高及较高的“里”约占18%,且主要集中在台北市市区、新北市西部部分地区;友好度中等的“里”约占64%,且主要集中在新北市市区、台北市东北部近郊区;友好度较低及最低的“里”约占18%,且主要集中在新北市北部及南部的城市外围地区。同时,对台北市与新北市老龄化城市建成环境友好度各个等级的老龄化程度,与其他各项评价指标的平均值进行交叉比对,从而提出有效的政策建议。总体来说,该量化评价方法有助于提升老龄化城市建成环境总体规划策略,同时可为相似的老龄化城市提供借鉴。

关键词: 老龄化城市, 建成环境, 友好度, 量化评价, 老龄化程度, 评价指标, 台北市, 新北市

Abstract:

In today’s society, the elderly population and aged cities have become a worldwide concern. By sorting out the theoretical research and practical focus of elderly friendly city in recent years, and the definition and evaluation index and methods of the built environment friendliness of elderly friendly cities, this article described the concept and definition of the built environment friendliness of aged city, summarized the evaluation index of the built environment friendliness of aged city, and proposed a multi-factor quantitative evaluation method of built environment friendliness of aged cities based on actual data, and guided by the characteristics of the elderly population distribution. Taking two aged cities of Taiwan Province — Taipei and New Taipei Cities as examples, this study evaluated their built environment friendliness. The evaluation results show that the “highest” and “high” built environment friendly administrative streets account for about 18% of the total, and they are mainly concentrated in Taipei’s urban area and parts of New Taipei’s urban area; the “moderate” administrative streets account for about 64%, and are mainly concentrated in New Taipei’s urban area, parts of Taipei’s urban area, and suburban areas of Taipei and New Taipei Cities; the “lowest” and “low” administrative streets account for about 18%, and are mainly concentrated in north and south city periphery of New Taipei City. The aging degree of each grade of built environment friendliness in Taipei and New Taipei Cities was compared with the average values of other evaluation indicators, so as to put forward effective policy recommendations. Generally, the quantitative evaluation method is helpful for improving the overall planning strategy of the built environment of aged cities, and can provide some reference for similar aging cities.

Key words: aged city, built environment, friendliness, quantitative evaluation, aging degree, Geographic Information System (GIS), evaluation index, Taipei, New Taipei