资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2341-2353.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.12.07

• 资源经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

经济增长、区域环境污染与环境规制有效性——基于京津冀地区的实证分析

冯斐1(), 冯学钢2, 侯经川2, 霍殿明2, 唐睿3   

  1. 1.汕头市发展和改革局 发展计划研究所,汕头 515036
    2.华东师范大学 经济与管理学部,上海 200241
    3.安徽大学 创新发展战略研究院,合肥 230039
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-28 修回日期:2020-03-11 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 作者简介:冯斐,男,甘肃平凉人,博士,研究方向为产业经济与区域发展。E-mail: feiyang_416@126.com

Effectiveness of regional environmental regulation, economic growth and environmental pollution: An emprical study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

FENG Fei1(), FENG Xuegang2, HOU Jingchuan2, HUO Dianming2, TANG Rui3   

  1. 1. Institute of Development Planning, Shantou Municipal Bureau of Development and Reform, Shantou 515036, China
    2. Faculty of Economics and Management, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    3. Innovation Development Institute, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, China
  • Received:2019-11-28 Revised:2020-03-11 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25

摘要:

环境污染和生态破坏属于市场失灵的一部分,需要政府采用环境规制工具对市场经济进行调整,但环境规制对环境污染和地区经济的影响又会受到自然条件的限制。为了剔除该限制,检验环境规制的有效性,本文以京津冀13个城市面板数据为例,通过构建包含生态环境状况和经济水平的区域生态效率体系,分析环境规制对区域生态效率的影响。研究表明:①与节能环保财政支出相比,环境不良企业监测对京津冀地区的区域生态效率起到显著正向促进作用,说明环境规制对区域生态效率的改善程度依赖于规制工具的选择,并且惩罚型环境规制工具对于京津冀地区的区域生态效率提升更为明显;②环境不良企业监测存在门限效应,随着其强度的增加,对京津冀地区区域生态效率的改善逐渐提升;并且伴随其强度的增加,也会引起节能环保财政支出对区域生态效率的负面影响逐渐降低。基于此,在污染较为严重的经济发达地区,采用严格的惩罚型环境规制工具,能够快速有效地提升该地区的生态环境状况,但在区域生态环境改善趋势明显时,应采取激励型为主、惩罚型为辅的环境规制工具运用策略,从而有效地兼顾地区经济增长与生态效率改善,实现区域生态环境与经济协调发展。

关键词: 环境规制, 区域生态效率, 经济增长, Super-SBM模型, 门限回归, 京津冀地区

Abstract:

Environmental pollution and ecological damage are part of market failures, which require the government to adopt regulatory tools to adjust, and the impacts of environmental regulation on environmental pollution and regional economy are limited by natural conditions. In order to remove this constraint and test the effectiveness of environmental regulation, this study took the panel data of 13 cities from the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region as an example, and analyzed the impacts of environmental regulation on regional ecological efficiency by constructing a regional ecological efficiency framework that includes the ecological environment and economic development level. The results show that: (1) Compared with the financial expenditure on energy conservation and environmental protection, the monitoring of enterprises with poor environmental performance plays a significant positive role in promoting regional ecological efficiency in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, indicating that the improvement of regional ecological efficiency depends on the choice of regulatory tools, and the punitive environmental regulatory tools of government monitoring type are useful for the improvement of regional ecological efficiency in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region; (2) There is a threshold effect in the monitoring of environmentally unhealthy enterprises. With the increase of monitoring intensity, the improvement of regional ecological efficiency in the region is gradually enhanced; meanwhile, the negative impacts of fiscal expenditure of energy conservation and environmental protection on regional ecological efficiency simultaneously decrease. Therefore, employing strict punitive environmental regulatory tools can rapidly and effectively improve the environment in economically developed areas with more serious pollution, yet once the environment is significantly improved, environmental regulatory tools should switch to mainly incentive types supplemented by punitive ones, so as to effectively give consideration to regional economic growth and ecological efficiency improvement, and realize the coordinated development of regional ecological environment and economy.

Key words: environmental regulation, regional ecological efficiency, economic growth, Super-SBM model, threshold regression, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region