资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2285-2299.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.12.03

• 专栏:黄河流域资源利用与绿色发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河流域三生空间的演变与区域差异——基于资源型与非资源型城市的对比

李江苏1(), 孙威2,3,4, 余建辉2,3,4()   

  1. 1.河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心暨黄河文明省部共建协同创新中心,开封 475001
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
    3.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    4.中国科学院大学资源与环境学院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-22 修回日期:2020-09-04 出版日期:2020-12-25 发布日期:2021-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 余建辉
  • 作者简介:李江苏,男,云南陆良人,副教授,研究方向为空间分析与区域发展。E-mail: lijs.09b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41401129);河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2018CJJ073);河南省教育厅人文社科项目(2020-ZDJH-033);河南省高校科技创新人才支持计划(2020-CX-006)

Change and regional differences of production-living-ecological space in the Yellow River Basin: Based on comparative analysis of resource-based and non-resource-based cities

LI Jiangsu1(), SUN Wei2,3,4, YU Jianhui2,3,4()   

  1. 1. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development & Collaborative Innovation Center on Yellow River Civilization Jointly Built by Henan Province and Ministry of Education, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Analysis and Simulation, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-06-22 Revised:2020-09-04 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: YU Jianhui

摘要:

黄河流域是中国生态脆弱性较典型的国土空间范围,流域内资源型与非资源型城市经济发展方式差异大,研究两者三生空间的演变与区域差异,对认知黄河流域国土空间开发利用状况很重要。在三生空间分类的基础上,采用空间自相关、泰尔指数,测度了流域内两类城市三生空间的区域差异。研究表明:①两类城市三生空间均变化较大,生活空间上升显著,资源型城市生态空间被生活、生产空间挤压的时段更长;非资源型城市生产空间被生活、生态空间挤压的时段更长。②两类城市三生空间具有空间聚集特征,三生空间的高密度区和低密度区较稳定。③对于影响两类城市三生空间区域差异的要素(经济和人口)而言,经济发展更易扰动三生空间变化。在经济和人口要素的影响下,非资源型城市三生空间的区域差异较大,而资源型城市的区域差异较小,其可能的原因与非资源型城市经济发展方式多样而资源型城市相对单一有关。黄河流域所有城市三生空间的总体差异主要来自两类城市内部。资源型城市生产、生态空间的区域差异,以及非资源型城市生活空间的区域差异,对黄河流域所有城市三生空间的区域差异产生主要影响。本文提出相关对策建议,以期为黄河流域国土空间管控与治理提供参考。

关键词: 黄河流域, 三生空间, 区域差异, 资源型城市, 非资源型城市

Abstract:

It is known that the ecological vulnerability is rather prominent in the Yellow River Basin (YRB); there are great differences in economic development mode between resource-based and non-resource-based cities in this basin. Studying the evolution and regional differences of the production-living-ecological space (PLES) of two types of cities in the basin, which is particularly important to understand the development and utilization of land-space in the YRB. Based on the PLES classification, this study measured the regional differences of PLES in the two types of cities by employing spatial auto-correlation and Theil index. It was found that: (1) PLES of the two types of cities changed dramatically, living space had increased significantly; the ecological space of resource-based cities was squeezed by living and production space for a longer time; while the production space of non-resource-based cities was squeezed by living and ecological space for a longer time. (2) PLES of the two types of cities showed the characteristics of spatial aggregation, and the high-density area and low-density area of PLES of each type was relatively stable. (3) For factors (economy and population) affecting the regional difference of PLES of the two types of cities, economic development was more likely to cause the change of PLES. Influenced by economic development and population, the regional difference of the PLES of non-resource-based cities was obvious, while that of resource-based cities was comparatively small. Possible reasons for the differences may be the diverse modes of economic development in non-resource-based cities and the lack of diversity in resource-based cities. The overall regional differences of PLES of all cities in the Yellow River Basin mainly depend on the internal differences of the two types of cities. The regional differences of production and ecological spaces from the resource-based cities and the regional differences of living space from the non-resource-based cities had major impact on the regional differences of PLES of all cities in the Yellow River Basin. This paper puts forward relevant countermeasures and suggestions, which is of significance for the management of land-space in the YRB.

Key words: Yellow River Basin, production-living-ecological space (PLES), regional differences, resource-based cities, non-resource-based cities