资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2224-2236.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.14

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

行政审批改革对产能过剩行业土地供应的影响

徐升艳1(), 邬径纬2   

  1. 1.河海大学商学院,常州 213022
    2.江苏金融租赁股份有限公司,南京 210019
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-15 修回日期:2020-05-29 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 作者简介:徐升艳,女,云南腾冲人,副教授,研究方向为发展经济。E-mail: xushengyan_yn@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年项目(71603071);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2017B19114)

Impact of administrative approval reform on land leasing in industries with overcapacity

XU Shengyan1(), WU Jingwei2   

  1. 1. Business School, Hohai University, Changzhou 213022, China
    2. Jiangsu Financial Leasing Co., Ltd, Nanjing 210019, China
  • Received:2019-11-15 Revised:2020-05-29 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25

摘要:

本文基于2007—2017年中国工业土地出让的微观数据和地级市行政审批中心数据,研究行政审批改革对产能过剩行业工业土地出让的影响,对地方政府执行去产能政策的效果进行评估。利用双重差分模型实证分析发现,①地级市设立行政审批中心后,促使地方政府显著减少了产能过剩行业的土地供应;②区分城市类型发现,行政审批中心设立对产能过剩行业土地供应的抑制作用在普通地级市比省会城市效果更大;③地区和行业间存在异质性。行政审批中心设立,显著减少中西部地区城市产能过剩行业工业用地出让,对东部地区城市影响较小;显著减少制造业产能过剩行业工业用地出让,对非制造业影响较小;在制造业内部,对制品业影响减少显著大于加工业。本文的研究结论说明,规范行政审批有助于地方政府减少产能过剩行业的土地出让,从土地供应视角为地方政府落实产能过剩行业去产能政策提供了新的微观证据。根据研究结论,未来应进一步深化行政审批改革;重点深化中西部地区的行政审批改革;采用专项政策推动国企主导的非制造业行业改革;注意制造业内部的产业差异,更多关注以中间品为主的加工品行业的去产能。

关键词: 工业用地出让, 行政审批改革, 去产能, 资源配置, 双重差分法

Abstract:

Based on the micro-level data of China’s industrial land transfer and the data of prefecture-level municipal administrative approval centers from 2007 to 2017, this study analyzed the impact of the administrative approval reform on industrial land transfer in overcapacity industries, and evaluated the effect of local governments on implementing capacity-removal policies. Using the difference-in-difference model, we found that (1) The establishment of administrative approval centers in prefecture-level cities has prompted local governments to significantly reduce the supply of land for industries with overcapacity. (2) Considering the type of cities, we found that the establishment of administrative approval centers has a greater effect on the suppression of land supply to industries with overcapacity in ordinary prefecture-level cities than in provincial capital cities. (3) There is heterogeneity across regions and industries. The establishment of the administrative approval centers significantly reduces the transfer of industrial land to industries with overcapacity in the central and western regions, but has little impact on cities in the eastern region; it significantly reduces the transfer of industrial land to industries with overcapacity in the manufacturing industry, but has less impact on non-manufacturing industries. Within the manufacturing industry, the effect in the final product industry was significantly greater than the intermediate product industry. This research concludes that standardizing administrative approvals helps local governments to reduce land transfer in overcapacity industries. From the perspective of land supply, it provides new microscopic evidence for local governments to implement overcapacity reduction policies in overcapacity industries. The reform of administrative approval should be further deepened in the future by focusing on deepening the reform in the central and western regions; adopting special policies to promote the reform of non-manufacturing industries led by state-owned enterprises; paying attention to industrial differences within the manufacturing industry, especially de-capacity in the intermediate product industry.

Key words: industrial land leasing, administrative approval reform, capacity reduction, resource allocation, difference-in-difference method