资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2210-2223.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.13

• 旅游资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

近20年国内外国家公园游憩研究综述

李洪义(), 吴儒练(), 田逢军   

  1. 江西财经大学,旅游与城市管理学院,南昌330013
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-23 修回日期:2020-04-20 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴儒练
  • 作者简介:李洪义,男,江西萍乡人,教授,研究方向为国土空间规划。E-mail: lihongyi1981@zju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071068);江西省杰出青年科学基金项目(20171BCB23049);江西省教育厅科技项目(GJJ181052)

A review of research on national park recreation in the past 20 years

LI Hongyi(), WU Rulian(), TIAN Fengjun   

  1. School of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
  • Received:2019-10-23 Revised:2020-04-20 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: WU Rulian

摘要:

国家公园游憩研究对保护国家公园生态系统和满足国民游憩需求具有重要意义,是近20年来资源经济学和游憩生态学的研究热点。对2000—2019年间国内外国家公园游憩研究现状及成果进行了系统性总结和梳理,研究发现:①国内外国家公园游憩研究受到广泛关注,相关研究成果主要集中在国家公园游憩的功能分区、业态发展、设施建设、评价、主体、环境影响及管理等7个方面,形成了“一个基础、四大主题、两种手段”的研究内容框架。②国家公园游憩研究方法以定量研究为主、定性研究为辅,基于国家公园大数据和GIS空间分析技术的定性与定量相结合研究需今后重点关注。③欧美学者研究起步早,构建了较为完善的国家公园游憩理论体系与管理框架;比较而言,国内研究仍处于探索阶段,中国学者在国家公园游憩领域进行了较多的本土化尝试,为国际上相关研究提供了中国案例,但理论建构研究相对不足。基于文献梳理与评述,提出未来中国国家公园游憩研究需进一步深入的方向:加强基础理论研究、完善游憩评价技术方法、开展多学科视角的游憩主体研究、深化游憩管理研究,希冀对中国国家公园相关研究及体制试点建设有所启示。

关键词: 国家公园, 功能分区, 游憩价值, 环境影响, 游憩管理

Abstract:

The research on national park recreation is of great significance for protecting the national park ecosystem and meeting public recreation needs, and has recently become a hotspot in resource economics and recreation ecology. This article summarized and reviewed the status and achievements of national park recreation research between 2000 and 2019. The results show that: (1) Research on national park recreation in China and internationally has received extensive attention and the number of publications has shown a rapid growth. The existing research mainly focuses on the following seven aspects: national park recreation functional zoning, recreation industry, construction of recreation facilities, recreationist, recreation evaluation, environmental impact, and management. A research framework of “one foundation, four major themes, and two tools” was formed. (2) National park recreation research is mainly based on quantitative methods, supplemented by qualitative research. Research using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods based on national park big data and GIS spatial analysis technology needs to be focused on in the future. (3) Research on national park recreation in Europe and the United States developed earlier than in China, and a relatively complete set of national park recreation theories and management frameworks has been established. In contrast, research in China is still in the exploratory phase. More localized explorations have been carried out in the field of national parks recreation, providing Chinese cases for international research, but theoretical development is relatively insufficient. Based on these findings, the article proposed the following research focus on national park recreation in China in the future: strengthening basic theoretical research, improving evaluation methods, conducting multidisciplinary research on visitors, and improving research on recreation management. It is hoped that this study will contribute to enriching the research on China’s national parks and providing some guidance for Chinese national park recreation management.

Key words: national park, functional zoning, recreational value, environmental impact, recreation management