资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2075-2091.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.03

• 海洋资源与北极航道专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于CiteSpace的北极航线研究进展与展望

王武林1,2(), 龚姣2, 王成金1,3()   

  1. 1.中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室/中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
    2.福州大学 环境与资源学院,福建福州 350116
    3.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-03 修回日期:2020-10-10 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2021-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 王成金
  • 作者简介:王武林,男,湖南邵阳人,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为交通地理。E-mail: wangwulin421@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2018M641458);中国科学院重点部署项目(ZDRW-ZS-2017-4);国家自然科学基金项目(41701118)

Progress and prospect of research on the Arctic Passage based on CiteSpace

WANG Wulin1,2(), GONG Jiao2, WANG Chengjin1,3()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Environment and Resources, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-09-03 Revised:2020-10-10 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: WANG Chengjin

摘要:

当前北极航线已成为全球航运研究的重要议题,梳理其研究脉络及发展态势,对后续理论研究和实践探索具有重要的借鉴意义。本文以CNKI数据库和Web of Science核心合集数据库中的北极航线相关文献为数据基础,使用CiteSpace绘制国内外北极航线研究的合作网络图谱和关键词共现图谱,阐明北极航线研究的知识结构关系与演进规律。结果显示:①国内外北极航线研究分别开始于2007年和1991年,在2014年和2015年成为研究热点,国内研究文献年度分布趋势与国际后两阶段基本一致;②各领域学者积极参与研究,国内外发文量最多的学者分别是李振福(大连海事大学)和Ehlers S(俄罗斯科学院),研究以个人为主,团队合作较少;③大连海事大学交通运输管理学院和Russian Acad Sci(俄罗斯科学院)分别是国内外研究机构合作网络的核心,各研究机构间合作较少,跨区域、跨部门合作较少;④文献关键词词汇类别日趋多元化,研究主题和研究方法趋于多样化;北极航线研究主题集中在北极航线经济可行性、北极航线对经济贸易和海运网络的影响、北极航线通航环境与安全、国家北极航线政策与实施等方面,国内外研究侧重点有所不同;未来北极航线领域可能出现的研究热点有北极航线与冰上丝绸之路融合、航线人文环境、航线安全、联合研究等。

关键词: 北极航线, 研究进展, CiteSpace, 可视化分析, 文献计量

Abstract:

The Arctic Passage has become an important issue of global shipping in recent years. It is of great scientific significance to examine the research progress and trend and gain insights for future theoretical research and practical exploration. Based on the Arctic Passage literature search from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and the Web of Science Core Collection, the cooperative network graph and keyword co-occurrence network graph of the Arctic Passage research in China and internationally were drawn by the CiteSpace software, and the knowledge structure relationship and pattern of change of the Arctic Passage issue are revealed. The following results are derived: (1) The Chinese and international research of the Arctic Passage began in 2007 and 1991 respectively, and became a research hotspot in 2014 and 2015, then the annual distribution trends of Chinese research literature were basically the same as the latter two stages of international research; (2) Scholars in different fields are actively involved in related research, and the most published scholars in China and abroad are Zhenfu Li (Dalian Maritime University) and Ehlers S. (Russian Academy of Sciences) respectively. The academic research was mainly done by individual scholars with limited teamwork; (3) Transportation Management College of Dalian Maritime University and the Russian Academy of Sciences are the core of the cooperative network of Chinese and international research institutions respectively. There is little cooperation among research institutions and cross-regional and cross-sectoral; (4) The lexical categories of keywords are becoming more diversified, and the research topics and methods increasingly vary. The Arctic Passage research topics focus on the following four aspects: economic feasibility of the Arctic Passage, the impact of the Arctic Passage on the economic and trade and shipping networks, navigation environment and safety of the Arctic Passage, and national policy and implementation with the consideration of the Arctic Passage. The focus of Chinese and international research differed, future hotspots that may appear in the field of the Arctic Passage research include the integration of the Arctic Passage and Polar Silk Road, the humanistic environment of the Arctic Passage, the Arctic Passage safety and joint research, among others.

Key words: Arctic Passage, research progress, CiteSpace, visual analysis, bibliometrics