资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1965-1974.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.13

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于物联网和数据中台技术的自然资源要素综合观测平台构建

孙益1(), 方梦阳2, 何建宁2, 刘玖芬3(), 张思源4, 杨万涛5, 高天胜6   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(北京)海洋学院,北京 100083
    2. 中国地质调查局海口海洋地质调查中心,海口 570100
    3. 中国地质调查局自然资源综合调查指挥中心,北京 100055
    4. 中国地质调查局呼和浩特自然资源综合调查中心,呼和浩特 010010
    5. 中国地质调查局昆明自然资源综合调查中心,昆明 650000
    6. 中国地质调查局西宁自然资源综合调查中心,西宁 810000
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-07 修回日期:2020-10-26 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘玖芬
  • 作者简介:孙益,男,湖南省岳阳人,博士生,研究方向为自然资源学、海洋科学和含油气盆地分析。E-mail: 1051071634@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    全国自然资源要素综合观测体系规划与部署项目(DD20208063);自然资源要素综合观测数据集成与应用服务项目(DD20208067)

Construction of a comprehensive observation platform for natural resource elements based on Internet of Things and Open Data Processing Service technologies

SUN Yi1(), FANG Mengyang2, HE Jianning2, LIU Jiufen3(), ZHANG Siyuan4, YANG Wantao5, GAO Tiansheng6   

  1. 1. School of Marine Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    2. Haikou Marine Geological Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Haikou 570100, China
    3. Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Command Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100055, China
    4. Hohhot Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Hohhot 010010, China
    5. Kunming Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Kunming 650000, China
    6. Xining Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Xining 810000, China
  • Received:2020-09-07 Revised:2020-10-26 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25
  • Contact: LIU Jiufen

摘要:

自然资源要素综合观测数据具有来源多、类型复杂和数据量庞大等特点,需要建立自然资源要素综合观测一体化平台对数据进行统一管理和利用。本文基于物联网与数据中台技术,构建了自然资源要素综合观测一体化平台,主要包括自然资源要素数据中心、物联网中心和模型云中心三大模块,实现了从传感器终端到数据中台、模型云的自动数据传输和互联共享,以及数值分析、加工和综合应用,达到了可视化效果。为自然资源统一管理、全国重要生态系统保护和修复重大工程规划提供技术支撑。

关键词: 自然资源要素, 综合观测, 物联网, 数据中台, 一体化平台, 模型云, 平台架构

Abstract:

The characteristics of the comprehensive observation data of natural resource elements are multiple sources, complex types and huge data volume. It is necessary to establish a comprehensive observation platform for natural resource elements (COPN) for the unified management and utilization of data. This article builds a comprehensive observation platform for natural resource elements (COPN) based on Internet of Things (IoT) and Open Data Processing Service (ODPS) technology, it mainly includes three modules: a natural resource element data center, an Internet of Things center, and a model cloud center. The platform enables the processes of data transmission, processing, and analysis from sensors to model clouds. The COPN serves the integrated management of natural resources across China and provides decision support for macro-control. The platform designed in this study will explore the design of various natural resource element related models and modularize them for scientific research and practical applications.

Key words: natural resource elements, comprehensive observation, Internet of Things (IoT), Open Data Processing Service (ODPS), platform for natural resource elements (COPN), cloud model, platform architecture