资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1921-1931.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.09

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于立体综合观测的湿地资源观测指标体系构建

钱建利1(), 杨斌2, 张贺3, 杨瀚文1(), 郑林昌4, 谭昌海2, 代辛5   

  1. 1. 中国地质调查局西安矿产资源调查中心,西安 710100
    2. 中国地质调查局自然资源综合调查指挥中心,北京 100055
    3. 中国地质大学(北京)海洋学院,北京 100083
    4. 河北大学经济学院,保定 071002
    5. 青海省社会科学院,西宁 810000
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-04 修回日期:2020-08-11 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨瀚文
  • 作者简介:钱建利,男,宁夏固原人,工程师,研究方向为环境影响评价、自然资源综合观测。E-mail: qianjianli2009@sohu.com
  • 基金资助:
    全国自然资源要素综合观测体系规划与部署项目(DD20208063);南水北调汉江流域陕西段水生态修复支撑调查项目(DD20208068);自然资源要素综合观测数据集成与应用服务项目(DD20208067)

Development of an indicator system of wetland resources based on mutidimensional comprehensive observation

QIAN Jianli1(), YANG Bin2, ZHANG He3, YANG Hanwen1(), ZHENG Linchang4, TAN Changhai2, DAI Xin5   

  1. 1. Xi’an Mineral Resources Research Center of China Geological Survey, Xi’an 710100, China
    2. Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Command Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100055, China
    3. School of Marine Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    4. College of Economics, Hebei University, Baoding 071002, China
    5. Qinghai Academy of Social Sciences, Xining 810000, China
  • Received:2020-06-04 Revised:2020-08-11 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25
  • Contact: YANG Hanwen

摘要:

探索建立湿地资源立体综合观测指标体系对湿地资源统一管理、理论研究和相关决策制定有重要意义。本文以自然资源“两统一”管理为指导,从山水林田湖草生命共同体理念出发,阐述了湿地资源立体综合观测系统框架和重要意义,分析了国内外湿地资源观测现状,结合湿地资源的独特性、复杂性和立体综合观测多尺度、多要素、系统性、动态性的特点,提出了指标体系构建原则,构建了以气候资源、生物资源、地表水资源、土壤资源、地下水资源5个一级指标18个二级指标31个三级指标构成的大气层—地表层—地下层湿地资源立体综合观测指标体系,对湿地资源开展长期、连续、稳定的观测,以期实现湿地资源管理从经验决策向数据决策转变,湿地资源开发利用从粗放向科学精准转变,从多资源要素保护向山、水、林、田、湖、草等资源全要素保护转变;同时,为解决当前湿地资源观测数据格式、标准不统一等问题,进一步提升湿地资源观测数据开放度、共享度和联网研究的能力提供参考。

关键词: 湿地资源, 立体综合观测, 统一管理, 指标体系, 构建原则, 全要素保护

Abstract:

Exploring the development of an indicator system for multidimensional comprehensive observation is of great significance for the integrated management of wetland resources, theoretical research, and related decision making. Starting from the integrated management of resources, this study expounded the characteristics and significance of three-dimensional comprehensive observation of wetland resources and analyzed the current status of wetland resources observation in China. It combined the uniqueness and complexity of wetland resources and characteristics of three-dimensional comprehensive observation, proposed the principles of development of the indicator system, and constructed an atmospheric-surface-underground indicator system of multidimensional comprehensive observation of wetland resources, which is consisted of 5 first-level indicators of climate resources, biological resources, surface water resources, soil resources, and groundwater resources, 18 second-level indicators, and 31 third-level indicators. The system aims to provide long-term, continuous, and stable observations of wetland resources in order to realize the transformation of wetland resource management from empirical to data-driven decision making, from extensive to scientific and precision development and utilization, and from the protection of single resource elements to the protection of all resources of mountains, waters, forests, croplands, and grasslands.

Key words: wetland resources, multidimensional comprehensive observation, integrated management, indicator system, principle of development, data-driven decision making