资源科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1900-1910.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.07

• 理论与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海岸带自然资源区划研究

姜正龙1(), 王兵2, 姜玲秀1, 陈映3, 刘玖芬3, 任永吉4, 张贺1   

  1. 1. 中国地质大学(北京)海洋学院,北京 100083
    2. 中国地质调查局烟台海岸带地质调查中心,烟台 264011
    3. 中国地质调查局自然资源综合调查指挥中心,北京 100055
    4. 中国地质调查局西宁自然资源综合调查中心,西宁 810000
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-15 修回日期:2020-09-23 出版日期:2020-10-25 发布日期:2020-12-25
  • 作者简介:姜正龙,男,湖南临湘人,教授级高工,研究方向为海洋科学、自然资源学等。E-mail: jiangzl@cugb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    全国自然资源要素综合观测体系规划与部署项目(DD20208063);中国地质大学(北京)2020年度本科教育质量提升计划建设项目(JGZD202010)

Zonal division of natural resources in the coastal zone of China

JIANG Zhenglong1(), WANG Bing2, JIANG Lingxiu1, CHEN Ying3, LIU Jiufen3, REN Yongji4, ZHANG He1   

  1. 1. School of Marine Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
    2. Yantai Coastal Zone Geological Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Yantai 264011, China
    3. Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Command Center, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100055, China
    4. Xining Natural Resources Comprehensive Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Xining 810000, China
  • Received:2020-06-15 Revised:2020-09-23 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25

摘要:

海岸带自然资源丰富、类型多样,对沿海经济的发展起到非常重要的作用。目前国内外尚缺少反映海岸带自然资源发育和分布规律、便于自然资源的横向对比和综合评价的系统区划。为此,本文从海岸带自然资源类型、分布、影响因素着手,展开了反映海岸带自然资源分布的区划研究。分析了主要资源的分布特点,探讨了影响自然资源形成、发育和分布的气候、海岸带类型、水动力等多方面因素;基于这些影响因素和自然资源分布特点,提出了海岸带自然资源分级区划和命名原则,分为“区”和“带”2个级别。划分出黄-渤海海岸自然资源区、东海海岸自然资源区、东南沿海海岸自然资源区和海南岛海岸自然资源区4个海岸自然资源区,进一步划分为16个海岸自然资源带,并对每个区(或带)内的自然资源进行了介绍。本文结果可对海岸带自然资源评价和合理开发利用提供参考。

关键词: 海岸带, 自然资源, 区块划分, 滩涂, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

In the coastal zone of China, natural resources are abundant and various, and very important to the coastal economy. To date, a systematic division of natural resources in coastal zone in the world is still lacking, which hinders cross-regional comparison and comprehensive evaluation of natural resources. For the purpose of systematic and scientific evaluation of the natural resources, their types, distributions, and control factors are basic parameters to be observed. This article summarized coastal natural resources distribution characteristics and examined the influencing factors, such as climate, the type of coastal zone, and power, which affect the development and distribution of natural resources. Based on these factors, the hierarchical division of natural resources in the coastal zone of China is discussed. The Chinese coastal zone is divided into four natural resources districts: the Yellow Sea to Bohai Sea coastal district, the East China Sea coastal district, the Southeast coastal district, and the Hainan Island coastal district and 16 coastal natural resources belts. At last, the article described the characteristics of natural resources in each district and belt. The results may be useful for the evaluation and rational development and utilization of natural resources in the coastal zone.

Key words: coastal zone, natural resources, zonal division, tidal-flat area, control factor, China